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Article

Health Transparency and Communication on the Government Websites of Ibero-American Countries: The Cases of Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Spain

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School of Human Sciences, Universidad del Rosario, Cr. 6 No. 12C-13 Of. 517, Bogotá 111821, Colombia
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Fudan Development Institute, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
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Department of Audiovisual Communication and Advertising, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Edifici I, Despatx 308, Campus de la UAB, Bellaterra, 08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
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Social Communication Career, Universidad Politécnica Salesiana, Av. Isabel la Católica N23-52 y Madrid, 170517 Cuenca, Ecuador
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Department of Communication Sciences and Social Work, Universidad de La Laguna, Camino La Hornera, 37, 38205 San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Luis Miguel Romero-Rodríguez, Clara Muela-Molina, Luisa Agante and Daniel Catalan-Matamoros
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6222; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126222
Received: 28 April 2021 / Revised: 26 May 2021 / Accepted: 29 May 2021 / Published: 8 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Mass Communication, Digital Media, and Public Health)
Through the strategic use of health communication from their websites, government institutions can achieve greater promotion and prevent health issues for citizens, at whom such websites are aimed. Thus, the transparency of these sites is essential to favor issues such as participation, accountability, and good governance. In the present study, through content analysis, we examined how active transparency and communication in health is built through analyzing the information provided by the different administrative levels with competencies in this field (government, regions, and municipalities) from the following countries: Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Spain. The results were projected according to a double axis of analysis. On the one hand, we offer a description of the levels of management of this phenomenon (structural characteristics and available resources). On the other hand, we developed indices based on each of the countries to compare the typologies grouped in these Ibero-American countries. As a general conclusion, the results evinced insufficient transparency in common; however, the deficit was less in countries that had a public health system. View Full-Text
Keywords: health communication; digital communication; transparency; Ibero-America; institutional communication health communication; digital communication; transparency; Ibero-America; institutional communication
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barredo Ibáñez, D.; Molina Rodríguez-Navas, P.; Medranda Morales, N.J.; Rodríguez Breijo, V. Health Transparency and Communication on the Government Websites of Ibero-American Countries: The Cases of Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6222. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126222

AMA Style

Barredo Ibáñez D, Molina Rodríguez-Navas P, Medranda Morales NJ, Rodríguez Breijo V. Health Transparency and Communication on the Government Websites of Ibero-American Countries: The Cases of Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6222. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126222

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barredo Ibáñez, Daniel, Pedro Molina Rodríguez-Navas, Narcisa J. Medranda Morales, and Vanessa Rodríguez Breijo. 2021. "Health Transparency and Communication on the Government Websites of Ibero-American Countries: The Cases of Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Spain" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6222. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126222

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