Assessing Factors Associated with TB Awareness in Nepal: A National and Subnational Study
2. Materials and Methods
2.2. Outcome Variables and Covariates
2.3. Statistical Analysis
3.1. Summary of Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Respondents
3.2. Proportion of People with TB Awareness at a Subnational Level in Nepal
3.3. Variables Associated with TB Awareness
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
(95% Confidence Interval)
|Province 1 (Not determined)||96.1 (95.3–96.7)|
|Province 2 (Not determined)||94.1 (93.3–94.9)|
|Province 3 (Bagmati)||97.4 (96.9–97.9)|
|Province 4 (Gandagi)||97.4 (96.5–98.1)|
|Province 5 (Lumbini)||98.1 (97.6–98.6)|
|Province 6 (Karmali)||93.2 (91.3–94.6)|
|Province 7 (Sudurpashchim)||94.5 (93.2–95.6)|
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|No formal education||4534||27.2|
|Province 1 (Not determined)||2826||17.0|
|Province 2 (Not determined)||3323||19.9|
|Province 3 (Bagmati)||3670||22.0|
|Province 4 (Gandagi)||1604||9.6|
|Province 5 (Lumbini)||2886||17.3|
|Province 6 (Karmali)||915||5.5|
|Province 7 (Sudurpashchim)||1448||8.7|
|Owns a mobile phone|
Odds Ratio (95% CI)
|25–35||1.57 (1.19–2.08) **|
|35–49||1.61 (1.15–2.26) **|
|Female||1.46 (1.05–2.04) *|
|Poorer||1.74 (1.25–2.42) **|
|Middle||2.06 (1.44–2.94) ***|
|Richer||1.64 (1.14–2.36) **|
|Richest||3.46 (2.05–5.84) ***|
|No formal education||1.00 (ref)|
|Primary education||1.48 (1.10–1.99) *|
|Secondary education||5.36 (3.76–7.65) ***|
|Higher education||16.19 (8.04–32.58) ***|
|Owns a mobile phone|
|Yes||1.66 (1.30–2.10) ***|
|Province 6 (Karmali)||1.00 (ref)|
|Province 1 (Not determined)||0.87 (0.49–1.57)|
|Province 2 (Not determined)||0.79 (0.45–1.41)|
|Province 3 (Bagmati)||1.42 (0.74–2.71)|
|Province 4 (Gandagi)||1.21 (0.63–2.31)|
|Province 5 (Lumbini)||2.24 (1.26–3.97) *|
|Province 7 (Sudurpashchim)||0.84 (0.48–1.50)|
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Iwaki, Y.; Rauniyar, S.K.; Nomura, S.; Huang, M.C. Assessing Factors Associated with TB Awareness in Nepal: A National and Subnational Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5124. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105124
Iwaki Y, Rauniyar SK, Nomura S, Huang MC. Assessing Factors Associated with TB Awareness in Nepal: A National and Subnational Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5124. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105124Chicago/Turabian Style
Iwaki, Yoko, Santosh Kumar Rauniyar, Shuhei Nomura, and Michael C. Huang. 2021. "Assessing Factors Associated with TB Awareness in Nepal: A National and Subnational Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 10: 5124. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105124