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Article

Ethnic Disparities in Social Capital and Health among Jewish and Arab Participants in the Israeli Mamanet Cachibol League

1
Department of Health Systems Management, Faculty of Health Science, Ariel University, Ariel 40700, Israel
2
School of Public Health, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel
3
Department of Health Systems Management, The Max Stern Yezreel Valley College, Emek Yezreel 1930600, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 295; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010295
Received: 11 November 2020 / Revised: 25 December 2020 / Accepted: 30 December 2020 / Published: 3 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Exercise and Sports on Health)
The Israeli Mamanet Cachibol League (MCL) serves as a community model that incorporates physical activity and amateur team sports among women. Team sports have been shown to bridge gaps and build positive relationships between communities. There is a paucity of data regarding the advantages of team sports to promote the health and well-being of women from different ethnic backgrounds. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of participation in MCL with social capital, health, and well-being across two ethnic groups: Jewish and Arab women. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among women aged 25–64: 102 Jewish and 96 Arab MCL participants, and 102 Jewish and 81 Arab non-MCL participants. Data regarding social capital (trust, social support and social involvement) and well-being (self-reported health and psychosomatic and depressive symptoms) were analyzed using two-way analyses of covariance and multiple regression models with sequential entry of the variables. MCL participants from both ethnic groups reported higher social capital (p < 0.001), better self-reported health (p < 0.001), and lower psychosomatic symptoms (p < 0.001) compared to non-participants. Jewish MCL participants reported lower depressive symptoms (p < 0.001) than non-participants, however no difference was found between Arab MCL participants and non-participants (p < 0.160). Amateur team sports such as MCL are related with higher levels of well-being and social capital. Future research should focus on longitudinal studies that examine the change in social capital and well-being over time. View Full-Text
Keywords: Arab and Jewish women; amateur team sports; well-being; self-reported health; social capital Arab and Jewish women; amateur team sports; well-being; self-reported health; social capital
MDPI and ACS Style

Paldi, Y.; Moran, D.S.; Baron-Epel, O.; Bord, S.; Tesler, R. Ethnic Disparities in Social Capital and Health among Jewish and Arab Participants in the Israeli Mamanet Cachibol League. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 295. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010295

AMA Style

Paldi Y, Moran DS, Baron-Epel O, Bord S, Tesler R. Ethnic Disparities in Social Capital and Health among Jewish and Arab Participants in the Israeli Mamanet Cachibol League. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):295. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010295

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paldi, Yuval, Daniel S. Moran, Orna Baron-Epel, Shiran Bord, and Riki Tesler. 2021. "Ethnic Disparities in Social Capital and Health among Jewish and Arab Participants in the Israeli Mamanet Cachibol League" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 1: 295. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010295

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