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Article

Development and Investigation of a New Model Explaining Job Performance and Uncertainty among Nurses and Physicians

by 1,* and 1,2
1
Department of Innovation, Leadership and Marketing, UiS Business School, University of Stavanger, 4036 Stavanger, Norway
2
Stavanger University Hospital, 4011 Stavanger, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 164; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010164
Received: 10 December 2020 / Revised: 21 December 2020 / Accepted: 22 December 2020 / Published: 28 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Sport and Exercise for Health and Performance)
The purpose of this paper is to develop and investigate a new theoretical model explaining variance in job performance and uncertainty among nurses and physicians. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey. Data was collected from 2946 nurses and 556 physicians employed at four public hospitals in Norway. We analysed data using descriptive statistics, correlations, Cronbach’s alpha, confirmatory factor analyses and structural equation modelling. To explain job performance and uncertainty, two sets of explanatory variables were used: first, satisfactions of three psychological needs—namely autonomy, social support and competence development—and second, employee perceptions of hospital management quality (HMQ) and local leadership quality (LLQ). The results supported the theoretical model among nurses and physicians; (1) HMQ was positively associated with LLQ; (2) LLQ was positively associated with psychological needs; (3) the majority of psychological needs were positively associated with job performance and negatively associated with uncertainty, but more of these relations were significant among nurses than physicians. The results suggest that job performance and uncertainty among nurses and physicians can be improved by helping personnel meet their psychological needs. Improving job design and staff involvement will be important to strengthen need satisfaction. Results suggest enhancement of HMQ and LLQ will be positively related to need satisfaction among nurses and physicians and will strengthen job performance and reduce uncertainty. View Full-Text
Keywords: management; leadership; psychological needs; healthcare services; job performance; uncertainty; job resources management; leadership; psychological needs; healthcare services; job performance; uncertainty; job resources
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olsen, E.; Mikkelsen, A. Development and Investigation of a New Model Explaining Job Performance and Uncertainty among Nurses and Physicians. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010164

AMA Style

Olsen E, Mikkelsen A. Development and Investigation of a New Model Explaining Job Performance and Uncertainty among Nurses and Physicians. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010164

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olsen, Espen, and Aslaug Mikkelsen. 2021. "Development and Investigation of a New Model Explaining Job Performance and Uncertainty among Nurses and Physicians" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 1: 164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010164

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