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Green Supplier Selection Based on Green Practices Evaluated Using Fuzzy Approaches of TOPSIS and ELECTRE with a Case Study in a Chinese Internet Company

by 1,*, 1, 2,3 and 4
1
School of Management Science and Engineering, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan 030006, China
2
Institute of Management and decision, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
3
School of Economics and Management, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
4
Business School, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3268; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093268
Received: 29 March 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 6 May 2020 / Published: 7 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Science and Engineering)
The selection of appropriate green chain suppliers is a very critical decision for effective and efficient green supply chain management in today’s increased awareness and significant environmental pressures from various stakeholders. The aim of this paper is to screen appropriate green chain suppliers based on a framework using fuzzy TOPSIS and ELECTRE for a Chinese internet company. The framework is proposed, grounded on a literature review on green supply chain management practices, after which an empirical analysis is made to be applied an integrated suppliers selection, based on green practices incorporating specifically data collected of the 12 criteria from a set of 12 available suppliers. We use a fuzzy TOPSIS and ELECTRE approach to rank the green chain suppliers, and the results of the proposed framework are compared with the ranks obtained by both the outranking degrees and the incomparability among the actions of fuzzy ELECTRE methodology. Finally, sensitivity analysis was conducted to test the feasibility of the best alternative. The results indicated that the best supplier was alternative 9, and there were four dominant criteria: management support for GSCM, used environmentally friendly materials, followed legal environmental requirements and policies, and reduced the use of harmful substances. View Full-Text
Keywords: green supply chain management (GSCM); supplier selection; triangular fuzzy number; fuzzy TOPSIS; ELECTRE green supply chain management (GSCM); supplier selection; triangular fuzzy number; fuzzy TOPSIS; ELECTRE
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qu, G.; Zhang, Z.; Qu, W.; Xu, Z. Green Supplier Selection Based on Green Practices Evaluated Using Fuzzy Approaches of TOPSIS and ELECTRE with a Case Study in a Chinese Internet Company. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3268. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093268

AMA Style

Qu G, Zhang Z, Qu W, Xu Z. Green Supplier Selection Based on Green Practices Evaluated Using Fuzzy Approaches of TOPSIS and ELECTRE with a Case Study in a Chinese Internet Company. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3268. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093268

Chicago/Turabian Style

Qu, Guohua, Zhijie Zhang, Weihua Qu, and Zeshui Xu. 2020. "Green Supplier Selection Based on Green Practices Evaluated Using Fuzzy Approaches of TOPSIS and ELECTRE with a Case Study in a Chinese Internet Company" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 9: 3268. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093268

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