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Burnout Syndrome in Occupational Therapists in Spain: Prevalence and Risk Factors

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 45600 Talavera de la Reina, Spain
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3164; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093164
Received: 4 April 2020 / Revised: 16 April 2020 / Accepted: 29 April 2020 / Published: 2 May 2020
The objective of this study was to assess the potential levels of burnout syndrome in occupational therapists in Spain, as well as the risk factors involved in its prevalence. The data were obtained through an online survey. The tool utilised for this purpose was the Maslach Burnout Inventory General Survey (MBI-GS) that takes into consideration the following dimensions: emotional fatigue, depersonalisation and reduction of personal satisfaction. A sociodemographic questionnaire was also utilised. The sample of the study included 758 occupational therapists, 90.8% of whom were women and 9.2% of whom were men. For identifying the variables associated to the presence of burnout, the prevalence was compared through the chi-squared test, and the odds ratios by age were calculated through the binary logistic regression model. We found that 69.4% of the occupational therapists presented burnout syndrome and especially emotional fatigue (63.5%). Likewise, relevant and significant differences in the prevalence of burnout syndrome were observed depending on the age, marital status, number of children, work field and type of workday. We can conclude that burnout syndrome poses a clear risk for the health of occupational therapists that could have direct consequences on the work environment, affecting the way the interventions are performed with patients. This study could help to raise awareness on this reality and the factors implied. We suggest the implementation of measures (individual, labour and political) both for the prevention of burnout in occupational therapists as well as for reducing the levels of those who suffer from it. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; occupational therapists; Maslach Burnout Inventory; healthcare professional burnout; occupational therapists; Maslach Burnout Inventory; healthcare professional
MDPI and ACS Style

Escudero-Escudero, A.C.; Segura-Fragoso, A.; Cantero-Garlito, P.A. Burnout Syndrome in Occupational Therapists in Spain: Prevalence and Risk Factors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093164

AMA Style

Escudero-Escudero AC, Segura-Fragoso A, Cantero-Garlito PA. Burnout Syndrome in Occupational Therapists in Spain: Prevalence and Risk Factors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093164

Chicago/Turabian Style

Escudero-Escudero, Ana C.; Segura-Fragoso, Antonio; Cantero-Garlito, Pablo A. 2020. "Burnout Syndrome in Occupational Therapists in Spain: Prevalence and Risk Factors" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 9: 3164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093164

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