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What Are the Peer Interaction Strengths and Difficulties in Children with Developmental Language Disorder? A Systematic Review

Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3140; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093140
Received: 24 March 2020 / Revised: 24 April 2020 / Accepted: 26 April 2020 / Published: 30 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Language Disorder on Child and Adolescent Outcomes)
The current review gathers together research investigating peer interaction skills in children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) to give an overview of the strengths and challenges experienced by these children when interacting with other children. A systematic review was conducted to summarise the literature on peer interaction strengths and difficulties in children with DLD. No restrictions on time-period were made and the selection criteria accounted for many of the diagnostic labels previously used to refer to DLD. Studies included in this review involve English-speaking children of UK primary school age (4–11 years). A systematic search of databases identified 28 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Children with DLD are found to experience many challenges when interacting with peers. Difficulties have been found in studies exploring discourse characteristics such as turn-taking and in behaviours during play, such as access behaviours. Heterogeneity was however notable and peer interaction strengths are found in terms of the children’s abilities to make friends, use verbal and non-verbal behaviour to make joint decisions with peers, and abilities to engage with peers in social pretend play. While it is encouraging to find research exploring many different areas of peer interaction competence in children with DLD, the research is highly disparate and there are many research findings awaiting replication. The current evidence base is unable to comprehensively define the characteristics of peer interactions of children with DLD. View Full-Text
Keywords: developmental language disorder; peer interaction; social skills; systematic review developmental language disorder; peer interaction; social skills; systematic review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lloyd-Esenkaya, V.; Russell, A.J.; Clair, M.C.S. What Are the Peer Interaction Strengths and Difficulties in Children with Developmental Language Disorder? A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3140. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093140

AMA Style

Lloyd-Esenkaya V, Russell AJ, Clair MCS. What Are the Peer Interaction Strengths and Difficulties in Children with Developmental Language Disorder? A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3140. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093140

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lloyd-Esenkaya, Vanessa; Russell, Ailsa J.; Clair, Michelle C.S. 2020. "What Are the Peer Interaction Strengths and Difficulties in Children with Developmental Language Disorder? A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 9: 3140. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093140

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