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A Meta-Analysis of the Reliability of Four Field-Based Trunk Extension Endurance Tests

1
Department of Physical Activity and Sport, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Murcia, 30720 San Javier (Murcia), Spain
2
Department of Sport Science, Sports Research Centre, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, 03202 Elche (Alicante), Spain
3
School of Sport and Exercise, Exercise and Sport Research Centre, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester GL2 9HW, UK
4
Department of Surgery, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
5
Traumatology and Orthopedic Surgery Service, Virgen de la Arrixaca University Clinical Hospital, 30120 Murcia, Spain
6
Department of Basic Psychology and Methodology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3088; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093088
Received: 15 April 2020 / Accepted: 26 April 2020 / Published: 29 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Testing: The Past, Present and Future)
This meta-analysis aimed to estimate the inter- and intra-tester reliability of endurance measures obtained through trunk extension field-based tests and to explore the influence of the moderators on the reliability estimates. The reliability induction rate of trunk extension endurance measures was also calculated. A systematic search was conducted using various databases, and subsequently 28 studies were selected that reported intraclass correlation coefficients for trunk extension endurance measures. Separate meta-analyses were conducted using a random-effects model. When possible, analyses of potential moderator variables were carried out. The inter-tester average reliability of the endurance measure obtained from the Biering-Sorensen test was intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.94. The intra-session reliability estimates of the endurance measures recorded using the Biering-Sorensen test, the prone isometric chest raise test, and the prone double straight-leg test were ICC = 0.88, 0.90, and 0.86, respectively. The inter-session average reliability of the endurance measures from the Biering-Sorensen test, the prone isometric chest raise test, and the dynamic extensor endurance test were ICC = 0.88, 0.95, and 0.99, respectively. However, due to the limited evidence available, the reliability estimates of the measures obtained through the prone isometric chest raise, prone double straight-leg, and dynamic extensor endurance tests should be considered with a degree of caution. Position control instruments, tools, and familiarization session demonstrated a statistical association with the inter-session reliability of the Biering-Sorensen test. The reliability induction rate was 72.8%. Only the trunk extension endurance measure obtained through the Biering-Sorensen test presented sufficient scientific evidence in terms of reliability to justify its use for research and practical purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: reliability generalization meta-analysis; core endurance; physical education; sports performance; pre-participation assessment reliability generalization meta-analysis; core endurance; physical education; sports performance; pre-participation assessment
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Martínez-Romero, M.T.; Ayala, F.; De Ste Croix, M.; Vera-Garcia, F.J.; Sainz de Baranda, P.; Santonja-Medina, F.; Sánchez-Meca, J. A Meta-Analysis of the Reliability of Four Field-Based Trunk Extension Endurance Tests. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3088.

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