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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Small-Sided Recreational Volleyball on Health Markers and Physical Fitness in Middle-Aged Men

1
Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, 21101 Novi Sad, Serbia
2
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10110 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Department of Nephrology, University Medical Centre, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
4
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3021; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093021
Received: 30 March 2020 / Revised: 19 April 2020 / Accepted: 23 April 2020 / Published: 27 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Exercise and Sports on Health)
The present study aimed to investigate whether recreational volleyball organized as small-sided games could improve fitness and health profiles of middle-aged men after 10 weeks of training. Twenty-four healthy men aged 35–55 were randomized in a small-sided recreational volleyball group (RV = 12; age: 44.7 ± 6.34 years; body mass index: 25.85 ± 1.74) and control group (CON = 12; age: 42.9 ± 8.72 years; body mass index: 25.62 ± 1.48). The RV group carried out a volleyball training program, whereas the CON group continued their daily life activities during this period. The participants in the RV group performed 2/3 training sessions of 90 min per week. Results from a repeated measure ANOVA indicated a significant group × time interaction for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (F = 6.776, p = 0.016, partial ƞ2 = 0.235) and for resting heart rate (F = 11.647, p = 0.002, partial ƞ2 = 0.346) in favor of the RV group. No significant changes were observed for body weight, body mass index, and diastolic blood pressure. Results for physical fitness indicated a significant interaction for Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test–level 2 (F = 11.648, p = 0.003, partial ƞ2 = 0.380), with no significant changes in both groups for handgrip strength. Recreational small-sided volleyball can be an effective training modality to stimulate a decrease in LDL cholesterol and resting HR with small improvements in cardiovascular fitness. Recreational volleyball played only two times per week shows positive cardiovascular fitness and health-related adaptations, which may contribute to the reduction of the risk of developing lifestyle diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: team sport; intervention; impact; adults team sport; intervention; impact; adults
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Trajković, N.; Sporiš, G.; Krističević, T.; Bogataj, Š. Effects of Small-Sided Recreational Volleyball on Health Markers and Physical Fitness in Middle-Aged Men. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3021.

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