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Open AccessArticle

Social-Ecological Correlates of Regular Leisure-Time Physical Activity Practice among Adults

1
Department of Physical Education, Midwestern Parana State University, Guarapuava 85040-167, Brazil
2
Department of Physical Education, State University of Londrina, Londrina 86057-970, Brazil
3
Department of Physical Therapy, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33179, USA
4
Department of Sport Science, State University of Londrina, Londrina 86057-970, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3619; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103619
Received: 17 April 2020 / Revised: 7 May 2020 / Accepted: 12 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Exercise and Sports on Health)
This study calculated the exposure-response rates of social-ecological correlates of practicing regular (>150 min/week) leisure-time physical activity (PA) in 393,648 adults from the 27 Brazilian state capitals who participated in a national survey between 2006 and 2016. Regular PA encouraging factors were inputted into an exposure-response model. Growth rates for the odds ratio and prevalence of regular PA were calculated for each increase of one encouraging factor. Regular PA was reported by 22% of the participants (25% of men and 20% of women). More than 40% of men and 30% of women with higher intra-personal encouraging conditions reported practicing regular PA. There was a 3% (ages 18–32 years) to 5% (ages 46–60 years) increase in regular PA practice in men for each increase in an encouraging climate factor (temperature from 21 °C to 31 °C, humidity from 65% to 85%, 2430 to 3250 h of sun/year, and from 1560 to 1910 mm of rain/year). Encouraging intra-personal factors and favorable climate conditions had larger effects on regular PA practice than the built environment and socio-political conditions; the latter two had independent effects, but did not have a cumulative effect on PA. View Full-Text
Keywords: lifestyle; health risk behavior; health policy; environment; public health; social environment; public health surveillance lifestyle; health risk behavior; health policy; environment; public health; social environment; public health surveillance
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Cavazzotto, T.G.; Ronque, E.R.V.; Vieira, E.R.; Queiroga, M.R.; Serassuelo Junior, H. Social-Ecological Correlates of Regular Leisure-Time Physical Activity Practice among Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3619.

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