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Article

Associations of Genetic Variation in Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Gene with Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in a Chinese Population: A Case-Control Study

by 1,†, 1,2,†, 1, 1,2 and 1,*
1
Key Laboratory of Environmental Medicine Engineering, Ministry of Education, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China
2
Department of Prevention and Control for Occupational Disease, Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing 210009, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Liu Wan, Boshen Wang contributed equally to this article.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2899; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082899
Received: 25 March 2020 / Revised: 16 April 2020 / Accepted: 19 April 2020 / Published: 22 April 2020
Objective: The purpose of this paper was to clarify the association between genetic variation in the glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) gene and the risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Methods: A case-control study (633 cases and 625 controls) was conducted in this study. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationships between environmental and individual factors and NIHL. Gene expression levels were compared among each GAPDH rs6489721 genotype and between the case and control groups based on real-time fluorescence quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Results: The T allele of GADPH rs6489721 was significantly associated with NIHL (odds ratio (OR) = 1.262, 95% confidence interval (CI) (1.066, 1.493), p = 0.006) and showed strong associations in the codominant and dominant models (TT vs. CC: OR = 1.586, 95% CI (1.131, 2.225), p = 0.008; TT vs. TC/CC: OR = 1.391, 95% CI (1.073, 1.804), p = 0.013). The expression level of the TT genotype was significantly higher than that of the CC genotype (p = 0.012), and the expression of the case group was also higher than that of the control group (p = 0.013). Conclusions: The homozygous risk allele (TT) of rs6489721 was associated with an enhanced GAPDH expression, resulting in the development of NIHL in a Chinese population. View Full-Text
Keywords: GAPDH; SNP; NIHL; susceptibility GAPDH; SNP; NIHL; susceptibility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wan, L.; Wang, B.; Zhang, J.; Zhu, B.; Pu, Y. Associations of Genetic Variation in Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Gene with Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in a Chinese Population: A Case-Control Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2899. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082899

AMA Style

Wan L, Wang B, Zhang J, Zhu B, Pu Y. Associations of Genetic Variation in Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Gene with Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in a Chinese Population: A Case-Control Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2899. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082899

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wan, Liu, Boshen Wang, Juan Zhang, Baoli Zhu, and Yuepu Pu. 2020. "Associations of Genetic Variation in Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Gene with Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in a Chinese Population: A Case-Control Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2899. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082899

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