Next Article in Journal
Psychosocial Risk, Work-Related Stress, and Job Satisfaction among Domestic Waste Collectors in the Ho Municipality of Ghana: A Phenomenological Study
Previous Article in Journal
Associations of Genetic Variation in Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Gene with Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in a Chinese Population: A Case-Control Study
Open AccessArticle

3D-printed Surgical Training Model Based on Real Patient Situations for Dental Education

1
Department of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Münster, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, Building W 30, D-48149 Münster, Germany
2
Department of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Klinikum Osnabrück, Am Finkenhügel 1, 49076 Osnabrück, Germany
3
Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Biomaterials, University Hospital Münster, Albert-Schweitzer Campus 1, D-48149 Münster, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The two authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2901; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082901
Received: 17 March 2020 / Revised: 19 April 2020 / Accepted: 21 April 2020 / Published: 22 April 2020
Background: Most simulation models used at university dental clinics are typodonts. Usually, models show idealized eugnathic situations, which are rarely encountered in everyday practice. The aim of this study was to use 3D printing technology to manufacture individualized surgical training models for root tip resection (apicoectomy) on the basis of real patient data and to compare their suitability for dental education against a commercial typodont model. Methods: The training model was designed using CAD/CAM (computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing) technology. The printer used to manufacture the models employed the PolyJet technique. Dental students, about one year before their final examinations, acted as test persons and evaluated the simulation models on a visual analogue scale (VAS) with four questions (Q1–Q4). Results: A training model for root tip resection was constructed and printed employing two different materials (hard and soft) to differentiate anatomical structures within the model. The exercise was rated by 35 participants for the typodont model and 33 students for the 3D-printed model. Wilcoxon rank sum tests were carried out to identify differences in the assessments of the two model types. The alternative hypothesis for each test was: “The rating for the typodont model is higher than that for the 3D-printed model”. As the p-values reveal, the alternative hypothesis has to be rejected in all cases. For both models, the gingiva mask was criticized. Conclusions: Individual 3D-printed surgical training models based on real patient data offer a realistic alternative to industrially manufactured typodont models. However, there is still room for improvement with respect to the gingiva mask for learning surgical incision and flap formation. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D printing; surgical training model; 3D rapid prototyping; root resection; CAD/CAM; dental education 3D printing; surgical training model; 3D rapid prototyping; root resection; CAD/CAM; dental education
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hanisch, M.; Kroeger, E.; Dekiff, M.; Timme, M.; Kleinheinz, J.; Dirksen, D. 3D-printed Surgical Training Model Based on Real Patient Situations for Dental Education. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2901.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop