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Open AccessArticle

Asbestos Air Pollution: Description of a Mesothelioma Cluster Due to Residential Exposure from an Asbestos Cement Factory

1
Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine, Occupational Medicine “B. Ramazzini”, University of Bari Medical School, 11 G, Cesare Square, 70124 Bari, Italy
2
Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), Pathology Division, University of Bari Medical School, 11 G, Cesare Square, 70124 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2636; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082636
Received: 18 March 2020 / Revised: 9 April 2020 / Accepted: 10 April 2020 / Published: 12 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution: Occupational Exposure and Public Health)
The study describes a cluster of 71 malignant mesothelioma cases among Bari residents without asbestos exposure other than residential exposure. This small cohort, as expected, was composed of a majority of females (56.34%) with a M/F ratio of 0.8, ages ≤ 65 years old (52.11%) and the epithelioid morphological type (78.87%). Sixty-four subjects (90.14%) lived between 10 m and 1000 m from the asbestos cement factory (Fibronit), and the latency length was longer than 55 years for 25 subjects (35.21%). The adjusted risk (adjusted OR) of observing the epithelial form of mesothelioma among subjects living at small distances from Fibronit was high (OR = 1.870 (0.353–9.905)) for people living 550–1000 m from the site and for those living less than 550 m from the site (OR = 1.470 (0.262–8.248)). Additionally, the subjects with a high length of exposure showed a relevant risk of epithelioid mesothelioma both for 21–40 years of exposure (OR = 2.027 (0.521–7.890)) and more than 40 years of exposure (OR = 2.879 (0.651–12.736)). All of the estimates were high but not significant because this transitional study has a typically low power. The adjustment for latency showed the same trend. Using detailed information collected by the regional mesothelioma registry, this study provided evidence of a continuing health impact of the Fibronit asbestos cement factory in Bari on the resident population. View Full-Text
Keywords: asbestos; asbestos cement factory; mesothelioma; air pollution; residential–environmental exposure; southern Italy; mesothelioma register asbestos; asbestos cement factory; mesothelioma; air pollution; residential–environmental exposure; southern Italy; mesothelioma register
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vimercati, L.; Cavone, D.; Delfino, M.C.; Caputi, A.; De Maria, L.; Sponselli, S.; Corrado, V.; Ferri, G.M.; Serio, G. Asbestos Air Pollution: Description of a Mesothelioma Cluster Due to Residential Exposure from an Asbestos Cement Factory. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2636. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082636

AMA Style

Vimercati L, Cavone D, Delfino MC, Caputi A, De Maria L, Sponselli S, Corrado V, Ferri GM, Serio G. Asbestos Air Pollution: Description of a Mesothelioma Cluster Due to Residential Exposure from an Asbestos Cement Factory. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2636. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082636

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vimercati, Luigi; Cavone, Domenica; Delfino, Maria C.; Caputi, Antonio; De Maria, Luigi; Sponselli, Stefania; Corrado, Vincenzo; Ferri, Giovanni M.; Serio, Gabriella. 2020. "Asbestos Air Pollution: Description of a Mesothelioma Cluster Due to Residential Exposure from an Asbestos Cement Factory" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 8: 2636. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082636

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