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Article

Infant Cranial Deformity: Cranial Helmet Therapy or Physiotherapy?

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Department of Health Sciences, Cavidito Research Team, Health Research Centre, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain
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Department of Educational Sciences, Discondu Research Team, Educational Research Centre, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain
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Department of Psychology, Hum 878 Research Team, Health Research Centre, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
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Department of Language and Education, University of Antonio de Nebrija, 28015 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Nursing Science, Physiotherapy and Medicine, Hum 498 Research Team, Health Research Centre, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2612; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072612
Received: 12 March 2020 / Revised: 8 April 2020 / Accepted: 9 April 2020 / Published: 10 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
Objective: To compare cranial helmet therapy (CHT) and physiotherapy (PT) for the effective treatment of positional plagiocephaly in infants in terms of improving functional recovery. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study involving 48 infants between 5–10 months of age with cranial deformities. The Cranial Vault Asymmetry Index (CVAI) and the Brunet–Lezine scale were calculated at the initiation of the study and after 40 treatment sessions. Results: The infants’ first assessment showed a delay in overall development areas with a global developmental quotient (DQ) (posture, coordination, sociability, and language) of 80.15. Although developmental improvements were observed in both groups in the Brunet–Lezine scale after treatment, the MANCOVA test showed no significant differences (F(5) = 0.82, p = 0.506, eta2 = 0.09). The CVAI reduced to 4.07% during the final evaluation in the cranial helmet group and 5.85% in the physiotherapy group without any significant differences between the two therapies (p = 0.70). Conclusions: No statistically significant differences were found between CHT and PT. After treatment, improvements from baseline measurements were observed in each of the readings of cranial deformity. View Full-Text
Keywords: plagiocephaly; helmet; physiotherapy; intervention; treatment plagiocephaly; helmet; physiotherapy; intervention; treatment
MDPI and ACS Style

González-Santos, J.; González-Bernal, J.J.; De-la-Fuente Anuncibay, R.; Soto-Cámara, R.; Cubo, E.; Aguilar-Parra, J.M.; Trigueros, R.; López-Liria, R. Infant Cranial Deformity: Cranial Helmet Therapy or Physiotherapy? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2612. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072612

AMA Style

González-Santos J, González-Bernal JJ, De-la-Fuente Anuncibay R, Soto-Cámara R, Cubo E, Aguilar-Parra JM, Trigueros R, López-Liria R. Infant Cranial Deformity: Cranial Helmet Therapy or Physiotherapy? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2612. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072612

Chicago/Turabian Style

González-Santos, Josefa, Jerónimo J. González-Bernal, Raquel De-la-Fuente Anuncibay, Raúl Soto-Cámara, Esther Cubo, José M. Aguilar-Parra, Rubén Trigueros, and Remedios López-Liria. 2020. "Infant Cranial Deformity: Cranial Helmet Therapy or Physiotherapy?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2612. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072612

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