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Article

Understanding the Underlying Psychosocial Determinants of Safe Food Handling among Consumers to Mitigate the Transmission Risk of Antimicrobial-Resistant Bacteria

School of Applied Psychology, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, 4600 Olten, Switzerland
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2546; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072546
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 20 March 2020 / Accepted: 5 April 2020 / Published: 8 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
In this study, we aimed to explore the psychosocial factors related to consumers’ safe food-handling behaviors to reduce the transmission risk of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria through food products. To this end, we investigated the extent to which the variables of the health action process approach (HAPA) and subjective norms can predict safe food handling by consumers. Data were collected from a representative sample of consumers belonging to the German-speaking part of Switzerland by administering a self-reporting questionnaire. The results showed that risk perception, self-efficacy, and positive outcome expectancy (i.e., the motivational phase of HAPA) were significant predictors of the intentions to handle food in a safe manner (see graphical abstract below). Additionally, in the volitional phase of HAPA, intention was found to be a significant predictor of safe food-handling behaviors. Contrary to expectations based on HAPA, action planning did not mediate the intention–behavior relationship. Only a small part of the variance in behavior was explained by coping planning and action control. The findings confirmed that the motivational phase of HAPA may be useful for determining safe food handling. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial resistance; consumer behavior; health action process approach; psychosocial determinants; safe food handling; subjective norm antimicrobial resistance; consumer behavior; health action process approach; psychosocial determinants; safe food handling; subjective norm
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Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Freivogel, C.; H. M. Visschers, V. Understanding the Underlying Psychosocial Determinants of Safe Food Handling among Consumers to Mitigate the Transmission Risk of Antimicrobial-Resistant Bacteria. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2546. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072546

AMA Style

Freivogel C, H. M. Visschers V. Understanding the Underlying Psychosocial Determinants of Safe Food Handling among Consumers to Mitigate the Transmission Risk of Antimicrobial-Resistant Bacteria. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2546. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072546

Chicago/Turabian Style

Freivogel, Claudia, and Vivianne H. M. Visschers. 2020. "Understanding the Underlying Psychosocial Determinants of Safe Food Handling among Consumers to Mitigate the Transmission Risk of Antimicrobial-Resistant Bacteria" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2546. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072546

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