Next Article in Journal
Problematic Social-Networks-Use in German Children and Adolescents—The Interaction of Need to Belong, Online Self-Regulative Competences, and Age
Previous Article in Journal
Group Outdoor Health Walks Using Activity Trackers: Measurement and Implementation Insight from a Mixed Methods Feasibility Study
Open AccessArticle

A Mixed-Method Modified Delphi Study toward Identifying Key Elements of Psychotherapy in Iran

1
Sleep Disorders Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah 6719851115, Iran
2
Student Research Committee of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah 6719851115, Iran
3
Clinical Psychology Doctoral Fellow, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI 48197, USA
4
Center of Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics, University of Basel, 4001 Basel, Switzerland
5
Departments of Physical Therapy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35209, USA
6
Division of Sport Science and Psychosocial Health, Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Basel, 4001 Basel, Switzerland
7
School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1416753955, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2514; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072514
Received: 29 February 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 2 April 2020 / Published: 7 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Purpose: In Iran, psychotherapy is regarded as an effective treatment for psychiatric disorders. However, no previous research has identified the key elements of psychotherapy that may be specific to Iranian society. The current study was conducted in an attempt to identify these elements. Methods: A mixed-method modified Delphi approach was used, taking place over several stages during 2017–2018. The first stage involved interviewing 12 experts in psychotherapy to identify key elements of psychotherapy in Iran by thematic analysis. Then, successive Delphi rounds were conducted to obtain consensus (75% agreement) from 70 psychotherapy experts on these key elements. Results: Key elements of psychotherapy were grouped into the following themes: (1) systematic education/training; (2) psychotherapist competency; (3) psychotherapy reflective of Iranian societal needs; and (4) the substrate (scientific/ethical principles) of psychotherapy. Consensus was reached during two Delphi rounds. In Delphi round 1, 52.8% of the statements reached consensus, and all remaining statements reached consensus in round 2. Conclusions: The key elements of psychotherapy in Iran are a set of conditions for the education and training of competent psychotherapists who can perform psychiatric interventions appropriate to Iranian society under supervised rules. These should serve as a framework for improving the current delivery of psychotherapy in Iran. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychotherapy; key elements; Iran; mixed-method Delphi study psychotherapy; key elements; Iran; mixed-method Delphi study
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rezaie, L.; Heydari, S.; Paschall, E.; Khazaie, H.; Sadeghi Bahmani, D.; Brand, S. A Mixed-Method Modified Delphi Study toward Identifying Key Elements of Psychotherapy in Iran. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2514.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop