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Big Data and Digitalization in Dentistry: A Systematic Review of the Ethical Issues

1
Institute for Biomedical Ethics, University of Basel, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
2
Department of Reconstructive Dentistry, University Center for Dental Medicine Basel, 4058 Basel, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2495; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072495
Received: 11 March 2020 / Revised: 3 April 2020 / Accepted: 4 April 2020 / Published: 6 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Big Data in Dental Research and Oral Healthcare)
Big Data and Internet and Communication Technologies (ICT) are being increasingly implemented in the healthcare sector. Similarly, research in the field of dental medicine is exploring the potential beneficial uses of digital data both for dental practice and in research. As digitalization is raising numerous novel and unpredictable ethical challenges in the biomedical context, our purpose in this study is to map the debate on the currently discussed ethical issues in digital dentistry through a systematic review of the literature. Four databases (Web of Science, Pub Med, Scopus, and Cinahl) were systematically searched. The study results highlight how most of the issues discussed by the retrieved literature are in line with the ethical challenges that digital technologies are introducing in healthcare such as privacy, anonymity, security, and informed consent. In addition, image forgery aimed at scientific misconduct and insurance fraud was frequently reported, together with issues of online professionalism and commercial interests sought through digital means. View Full-Text
Keywords: Big Data; digital dentistry; oral health; ethical issues Big Data; digital dentistry; oral health; ethical issues
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MDPI and ACS Style

Favaretto, M.; Shaw, D.; De Clercq, E.; Joda, T.; Elger, B.S. Big Data and Digitalization in Dentistry: A Systematic Review of the Ethical Issues. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072495

AMA Style

Favaretto M, Shaw D, De Clercq E, Joda T, Elger BS. Big Data and Digitalization in Dentistry: A Systematic Review of the Ethical Issues. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072495

Chicago/Turabian Style

Favaretto, Maddalena, David Shaw, Eva De Clercq, Tim Joda, and Bernice S. Elger. 2020. "Big Data and Digitalization in Dentistry: A Systematic Review of the Ethical Issues" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072495

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