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Open AccessProtocol

Effectiveness of a Multifactorial Intervention in the First 1000 Days of Life to Prevent Obesity and Overweight in Childhood: Study Protocol

1
Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Cádiz, 11009 Andalusia, Spain
2
Ribera del Muelle Health Centre, Clinic Management Unit (CMU) Puerto Real, Cádiz, Andalusian Health System, 11510 Andalusia, Spain
3
Río San Pedro Health Centre, Clinic Management Unit (CMU) Puerto Real, Cádiz, Andalusian Health System, 11519 Andalusia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2239; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072239 (registering DOI)
Received: 19 February 2020 / Revised: 16 March 2020 / Accepted: 24 March 2020 / Published: 26 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Children's Health)
(1) Background: Obesity is a global health problem, and its prevention must be a priority goal of public health, especially considering the seriousness of the problem among children. It is known that fetal and early postnatal environments may favor the appearance of obesity in later life. In recent years, the impact of the programs to prevent obesity in childhood has been scarce. The aim of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention based on the concept of early programming. (2) Methods: Non-randomized controlled trial design. Inclusion criteria are: two-year-old infants whose gestational period begins in the 14 months following the start of the intervention, and whose mothers have made the complete follow-up of their pregnancy in the same clinical unit of the study. The intervention will be developed over all the known factors that affect early programming, during pregnancy up to 2 years of life. Data will be collected through a data collection sheet by the paediatricians. A unibivariate and multivariate analysis of the data will be carried out. (3) Ethics and dissemination: The trial does not involve any risk to participants and their offspring. Signed informed consent is obtained from all participants. Ethical approval has been obtained. (4) Results: It is expected that this study will provide evidence on the importance of the prevention of obesity from the critical period of the first 1000 days of life, being able to establish this as a standard intervention in primary care. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; childhood; early programming; prevention; primary care obesity; childhood; early programming; prevention; primary care
MDPI and ACS Style

Díaz-Rodríguez, M.; Pérez-Muñoz, C.; Lendínez-de la Cruz, J.M.; Fernández-Gutiérrez, M.; Bas-Sarmiento, P.; Ferriz-Mas, B.C. Effectiveness of a Multifactorial Intervention in the First 1000 Days of Life to Prevent Obesity and Overweight in Childhood: Study Protocol. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2239.

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