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Assessment of Static Plantar Pressure, Stabilometry, Vitamin D and Bone Mineral Density in Female Adolescents with Moderate Idiopathic Scoliosis

1
Department of Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Rheumatology, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timișoara, 300042 Timișoara, Romania
2
“Louis Turcanu” Emergency Children’s Hospital, 300011 Timișoara, Romania
3
Department of Radiology, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timișoara, 300042 Timișoara, Romania
4
“Pius Brinzeu” Emergency County Hospital Timisoara, Timisoara 300723, Romania
5
Department of ENT, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timișoara, 300042 Timișoara, Romania
6
Department of Paediatric Surgery, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timișoara, 300042 Timișoara, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 2167; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062167
Received: 10 February 2020 / Revised: 20 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 24 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Children's Health)
(1) Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) can be associated with vitamin D deficiency and osteopenia. Plantar pressure and stabilometry offer important information about posture. The objectives of our study were to compare static plantar pressure and stabilometric parameters, serum 25-OH-vitamin D3 and calcium levels, and bone mineral densitometry expressed as z-score in patients with moderate AIS and healthy subjects. (2) Methods: 32 female adolescents (idiopathic S shaped moderate scoliosis, main lumbar curve) and 32 gender and age-matched controls performed: static plantar pressure, stabilometry, serum 25-OH-vitamin D3 and calcium levels, and dual X-ray absorptiometry scans of the spine. (3) Results: In scoliosis patients, significant differences were recorded between right and left foot for total foot, first and fifth metatarsal, and heel loadings. Stabilometry showed a poorer postural control when compared to healthy subjects (p < 0.001). Patients had significantly lower vitamin D, calcium levels, and z-scores. Lumbar Cobb angle was significantly correlated with the z-score (r = −0.39, p = 0.02), with right foot fifth metatarsal load (r = −0.35, p = 0.04), center of pressure CoPx (r = −0.42, p = 0.01), CoP displacement (r = 0.35, p = 0.04) and 90% confidence ellipse area (r = −0.38, p = 0.03). (4) Conclusions: In our study including female adolescents with idiopathic S shaped moderate scoliosis, plantar pressure and stabilometric parameters were influenced by the main scoliotic curve. View Full-Text
Keywords: scoliosis; plantar pressure; stabilometric analysis; vitamin D scoliosis; plantar pressure; stabilometric analysis; vitamin D
MDPI and ACS Style

Cațan, L.; Cerbu, S.; Amaricai, E.; Suciu, O.; Horhat, D.I.; Popoiu, C.M.; Adam, O.; Boia, E. Assessment of Static Plantar Pressure, Stabilometry, Vitamin D and Bone Mineral Density in Female Adolescents with Moderate Idiopathic Scoliosis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2167.

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