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Open AccessReview

The Integration of Mental Health and Psychosocial Support and Disaster Risk Reduction: A Mapping and Review

1
Department of Psychological Science, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
2
Department of Mental Health and Substance Use, World Health Organization, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland
3
Centre for Mental Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne VIC 3010, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1900; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061900
Received: 14 February 2020 / Revised: 8 March 2020 / Accepted: 9 March 2020 / Published: 14 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disaster Mental Health Risk Reduction)
The field of disaster and emergency management has shifted in focus towards the goal of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). However, the degree to which the Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) field has followed this trend is relatively unknown. Therefore, the objectives of this review were to identify relevant projects, materials, and publications relating to MHPSS and DRR integration and define current domains of action in this integration. A review was conducted using a two-pronged approach for data collection. This approach included 1) a mapping exercise eliciting relevant documentation and project descriptions from MHPSS actors, and 2) a database and internet literature search. The mapping exercise was conducted between January and November 2019, while the literature search was completed in March 2019. The majority of identified materials concerned actions of capacity and systems building; preparedness; policy development, consensus building, and awareness raising; school- and child-focused DRR; inclusive DRR; and resilience promotion. Results also suggested that relatively little consensus exists in terms of formal definitions of and frameworks or guidance for integrating MHPSS and DRR. Moreover, domains of action varied in terms of current implementation practices and empirical evidence. Materials and projects are reviewed and discussed in terms of implications for advancing the integration of DRR and MHPSS and expanding MHPSS approaches to include building better before emergencies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mental Health and Psychosocial Support; Disaster Mental Health; Disaster Risk Reduction; Disaster Risk Management Mental Health and Psychosocial Support; Disaster Mental Health; Disaster Risk Reduction; Disaster Risk Management
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Gray, B.; Hanna, F.; Reifels, L. The Integration of Mental Health and Psychosocial Support and Disaster Risk Reduction: A Mapping and Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1900.

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