Next Article in Journal
Comparative Survival and the Cold-Induced Gene Expression of Pathogenic and Nonpathogenic Vibrio Parahaemolyticus from Tropical Eastern Oysters during Cold Storage
Next Article in Special Issue
Deploying Elemental Iodine in a Vapor Form to Disinfect Water and to Clear Biofilms
Previous Article in Journal
Age Differences in Occupant Motion during Simulated In-Vehicle Swerving Maneuvers
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Detailed Review Study on Potential Effects of Microplastics and Additives of Concern on Human Health
ijerph-logo
Article Menu

Article Menu

Open AccessArticle

Water Quality Assessment: A Quali-Quantitative Method for Evaluation of Environmental Pressures Potentially Impacting on Groundwater, Developed under the M.I.N.O.Re. Project

1
Local Health Authority ASL Lecce, 73100 Lecce, Italy
2
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (Di.S.Te.B.A.), University of Salento, 73100 Lecce, Italy
3
Regional Agency for Environmental Protection ARPA Puglia, 70126 Bari, Italy
4
Italian Society of Environmental Medicine (SIMA), 20149 Milan, Italy
5
Department of Environmental Science and Policy (ESP), University of Milan, 20100 Milan, Italy
6
Environmental Division, Province of Lecce, 73100 Lecce, Italy
7
UNEP GEMS/Water Capacity Development Centre, Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork, T23 XE10 Cork, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1835; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061835
Received: 16 January 2020 / Revised: 3 March 2020 / Accepted: 10 March 2020 / Published: 12 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water and Health)
Background: At global level, the vulnerability of aquifers is deteriorating at an alarming rate due to environmental pollution and intensive human activities. In this context, Local Health Authority ASL Lecce has launched the M.I.N.O.Re. (Not Compulsory Water Monitoring Activities at Regional level) project, in order to assess the vulnerability of the aquifer in Salento area (Puglia Region) by performing several non-compulsory analyses on groundwater samples. This first paper describes the quali-quantitative approach adopted under the M.I.N.O.Re. project for the assessment of environmental pressures suffered by groundwater and determines the number of wells to be monitored in specific sampling areas on the basis of the local potential contamination and vulnerability of the aquifer. Methods: We created a map of the entire Lecce province, interpolating it with a grid that led to the subdivision of the study area in 32 quadrangular blocks measuring 10 km × 10 km. Based on current hydrogeological knowledge and institutional data, we used GIS techniques to represent on these 32 blocks the 12 different layers corresponding to the main anthropic or environmental type of pressures potentially impacting on the aquifer. To each kind of pressure, a score from 0 to 1 was attributed on the basis of the potential impact on groundwater. A total score was assigned to each of the 32 blocks. A higher number of wells was selected to be monitored in those blocks presenting higher risk scores for possible groundwater contamination due to anthropic/environmental pressures. Results: The range of total scores varied from 2.4 to 42.5. On the basis of total scores, the 10 km × 10 km blocks were divided into four classes of environmental pressure (1st class: from 0,1 to 10,00; 2nd class: from 10,01 to 20,00; 3rd class: from 20,1 to 30,00; 4th class: from 30,01 to 42,50). There were 11 areas in the 1st class, 9 areas in the 2nd class, 8 areas in the 3rd class and 4 areas in the 4th class. We assigned 1 monitoring well in 1st class areas, 2 monitoring wells in 2nd class areas, 3 monitoring wells in 3rd class areas and 4 monitoring wells in 4th class areas. Conclusion: The methodology developed under the M.I.N.O.Re. project could represent a useful model to be used in other areas to assess the environmental pressures suffered by aquifers and the quality of the groundwater. View Full-Text
Keywords: water quality assessment; groundwater; water monitoring; georeferentiation water quality assessment; groundwater; water monitoring; georeferentiation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

De Filippis, G.; Piscitelli, P.; Castorini, I.F.; Raho, A.M.; Idolo, A.; Ungaro, N.; Lacarbonara, F.; Sgaramella, E.; Laghezza, V.; Chionna, D.; Fedele, A.; Galante, B.; Stasi, R.; Maggiotto, G.; Rizzo, E.; Nocita, F.R.; Imbriani, G.; Serio, F.; Sansò, P.; Miani, A.; De Donno, A.; Gramegna, D.; Campanaro, V.; Francioso, S.; Bucci, R.; Carlà, R.; Rollo, R.; Chapman, D.V.; Bruno, V.; On behalf of Local Health Authority ASL Lecce and Regional Agency for Environmental Protection (ARPA Puglia). Water Quality Assessment: A Quali-Quantitative Method for Evaluation of Environmental Pressures Potentially Impacting on Groundwater, Developed under the M.I.N.O.Re. Project. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1835.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop