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Incidence of Post-Vasectomy Pain: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Department of Health Psychology, Division of Population Health Sciences, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, 123 St. Stephen’s Green, D02 YN77 Dublin, Ireland
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1788; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051788
Received: 12 February 2020 / Revised: 2 March 2020 / Accepted: 6 March 2020 / Published: 10 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Family Planning and Reproductive Health)
This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis to ascertain incidences of post-vasectomy pain following traditional scalpel, or non-scalpel vasectomy. Electronic databases PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO were searched up to 1 July 2019 for peer-reviewed articles recording post-vasectomy pain. We identified 733 publications, screened 559 after removal of duplicates and excluded 533. Of the remaining 26 full-text articles, 8 were excluded with reasons, leaving 18 for detailed analyses. Meta-analysis was performed on 25 separate datasets (11 scalpel, 11 non-scalpel, 3 other/combined). Study follow-up ranged from 2 weeks to 37 years and sample sizes from 12 to 723 patients. The overall incidence of post-vasectomy pain was 15% (95% CI 9% to 25%). The incidences of post-vasectomy pain following scalpel and non-scalpel techniques were 24% (95% CI 15% to 36%) and 7% (95% CI 4% to 13%), respectively. Post-vasectomy pain syndrome occurred in 5% (95% CI 3% to 8%) of subjects, with similar estimates for both techniques. We conclude that the overall incidence of post-vasectomy pain is greater than previously reported, with three-fold higher rates of pain following traditional scalpel, compared to non-scalpel vasectomy, whereas the incidence of post-vasectomy pain syndrome is similar. View Full-Text
Keywords: vasectomy; scalpel; non-scalpel; pain; meta-analysis; systematic review; post-vasectomy pain syndrome vasectomy; scalpel; non-scalpel; pain; meta-analysis; systematic review; post-vasectomy pain syndrome
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Auyeung, A.B.; Almejally, A.; Alsaggar, F.; Doyle, F. Incidence of Post-Vasectomy Pain: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1788.

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