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Article

Correlation between Kind of Cesarean Section and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Greek Women

1
Department of Midwifery, University of West Attica, 12243 Athens, Greece
2
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Faculty of Medicine, 15784 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1592; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051592
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 20 February 2020 / Accepted: 27 February 2020 / Published: 1 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Women's Health)
A birth experience with cesarean section (CS) can be a cause of the development of post-traumatic stress disorder after a cesarean (PTSD-AC) or profile PTSD, for a percentage of women. So far, there is no data on the frequency of PTSD-AC in Greece and this syndrome is often associated with other mental disorders of the postpartum period. The purpose of this research is to associate the kind of CS with PTSD-AC for Greek mothers and the combination of factors that make them less resistant to trauma. A sample of ahundred and sixty-six mothers who gave birth with emergency cesarean section (EMCS) and elective cesarean section (ELCS) at a Greek University hospital have consented to participate in the two phases of the survey, in the 2nd day postpartum and a follow-up in the 6th week postpartum. Medical/demographic data and a life events checklist (LEC-5) with Criterion A and post-traumatic stress checklist (PCL-5) were used to diagnose PTSD and PTSD Profile. Out of166 mothers enrolled, 160 replied to the follow-up (96.4%), ELCS 97 (97%) and EMCS 63 (95%). Twenty (31.7%) EMCS had PTSD and nine (14.3%) had Profile. One (1%) ELCS had PTSD and 4 (4.1%) had Profile. This survey shows a high prevalence rate of PTSD after EMCS with additional risk factors of preterm labor, inclusion in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), a lack of breastfeeding, and a lack of support from the partner. View Full-Text
Keywords: posttraumatic stress disorder; PTSD Profile; emergency cesarean section; elective cesarean section posttraumatic stress disorder; PTSD Profile; emergency cesarean section; elective cesarean section
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MDPI and ACS Style

Orovou, E.; Dagla, M.; Iatrakis, G.; Lykeridou, A.; Tzavara, C.; Antoniou, E. Correlation between Kind of Cesarean Section and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Greek Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1592. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051592

AMA Style

Orovou E, Dagla M, Iatrakis G, Lykeridou A, Tzavara C, Antoniou E. Correlation between Kind of Cesarean Section and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Greek Women. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(5):1592. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051592

Chicago/Turabian Style

Orovou, Eirini, Maria Dagla, Georgios Iatrakis, Aikaterini Lykeridou, Chara Tzavara, and Evangelia Antoniou. 2020. "Correlation between Kind of Cesarean Section and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Greek Women" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 5: 1592. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051592

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