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Spanish Validation of the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale–Short Form (IGDS9-SF): Prevalence and Relationship with Online Gambling and Quality of Life

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Faculty of Education, Universidad Internacional de la Rioja (UNIR), Avenida de la Paz, 137, 26006 Logroño, Spain
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Faculty of Psychology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Avenida de Tolosa, 70, 20018 Donostia, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Pública de Navarra (UPNA), Calle Cataluña, s/n, 31006 Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
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Faculty of Psychology, Education and Sport Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull. Calle Císter, 34, 08022 Barcelona, Spain
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International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham NG11 8NS, UK
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University of Tasmania, School of Psychological Sciences, Newnham Campus, Building O, Launceston TAS 7250, Australia
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The International Cyberpsychology and Addictions Research Laboratory (iCARL), University of Tasmania, Launceston TAS 7250, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1562; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051562
Received: 8 February 2020 / Revised: 21 February 2020 / Accepted: 27 February 2020 / Published: 28 February 2020
Online gaming is a very common form of leisure among adolescents and young people, although its excessive and/or compulsive use is associated with psychological impairments in a minority of gamers. The latest (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5, Section III) tentatively introduced Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). Since then, a number of evaluation tools using the DSM-5 criteria have been developed, including the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale–Short Form (IGDS9-SF). The main objective of this study was to translate and adapt the IGDS9-SF into Spanish, as well as to obtain indicators relating to its validity and reliability. The Spanish version of four scales were administered: IGDS9-SF, Mobile Phone-Related Experiences Questionnaire (CERM), Online Gambling Disorder Questionnaire (OGD-Q), and KIDSCREEN-27. The sample comprised 535 Vocational Training students (mean age 18.35 years; SD±2.13; 78.5% males) who reported playing video games in the past 12 months. Confirmatory factor analysis yielded a one-dimensional model with a good fit while the reliability indicators were satisfactory. Findings indicated that 1.9% of gamers were classified with IGD (meeting five or more criteria for more than 12 months). Additionally, another 1.9% were considered gamers ‘at-risk’ because they endorsed four criteria. Positive and significant relationships were found between the IGDS9-SF, the CERM, and the OGD-Q. Participants classified with IGD had poorer health-related quality of life. In conclusion, the Spanish IGDS9-SF is a valid and reliable instrument to assess IGD according to the DSM-5. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet Gaming Disorder; gaming disorder; gaming addiction; behavioral addiction; Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short Form Internet Gaming Disorder; gaming disorder; gaming addiction; behavioral addiction; Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short Form
MDPI and ACS Style

Beranuy, M.; Machimbarrena, J.M.; Vega-Osés, M.A.; Carbonell, X.; Griffiths, M.D.; Pontes, H.M.; González-Cabrera, J. Spanish Validation of the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale–Short Form (IGDS9-SF): Prevalence and Relationship with Online Gambling and Quality of Life. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1562. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051562

AMA Style

Beranuy M, Machimbarrena JM, Vega-Osés MA, Carbonell X, Griffiths MD, Pontes HM, González-Cabrera J. Spanish Validation of the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale–Short Form (IGDS9-SF): Prevalence and Relationship with Online Gambling and Quality of Life. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(5):1562. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051562

Chicago/Turabian Style

Beranuy, Marta, Juan M. Machimbarrena, M. A. Vega-Osés, Xavier Carbonell, Mark D. Griffiths, Halley M. Pontes, and Joaquín González-Cabrera. 2020. "Spanish Validation of the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale–Short Form (IGDS9-SF): Prevalence and Relationship with Online Gambling and Quality of Life" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 5: 1562. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051562

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