In recent years, many researchers have investigated the association between air pollution and children. However, there has been little research to provide a macroscopic overview in this field. The aim of this study is to characterize the scientific production around the world in this area and map the trends. The relevant literature was searched from 1999 to 2018. To guarantee the quality of the literature, we combined the PubMed and WoS databases. The built-in statistics tools of the Web of Science website were used to display the trend of articles published by year and the distribution of journals. By CiteSpace (5.5.R2), the reference co-citation and burst keywords were extracted. In total, 15,999 target English documents were obtained. We summarized the characteristics of published documents, of research institutes’ cooperation, and of the contents. As part of a research hotspot, ten clusters are presented, four popular topics are elaborated. Twenty-four burst words were obtained and analyzed. China has received more attention in recent years. Researchers in this field could carry out more cohorts’ studies and fine particulate matter is one good air pollution index. Household air pollution exposure and children’s lung function should be paid more attention.
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