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Open AccessArticle

Korean Consumers’ Recognition of Risks Depending on the Provision of Safety Information for Chemical Products

1
National Crisis and Emergency Management Research Institute, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
2
Department of Consumer Studies, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1207; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041207
Received: 23 December 2019 / Revised: 9 February 2020 / Accepted: 9 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
After the 2011 “Oxy accident” involving deaths from humidifier disinfectants, Korean consumers’ anxiety about chemical products has risen. To provide timely, appropriate information to consumers, we must understand their risk recognition and explore methods of safety information provision. We investigated Korean consumers’ level of risk perception for chemical products depending on the provision of safety information and other factors. We conducted an online survey for 10 days with 600 adult Korean consumer participants and analyzed seven factors: catastrophic potential, controllability, familiarity, fear, scientific knowledge, and risk for future generations. Our results showed that married women over 30 perceived chemical products as higher risk, but when information was provided on how to use products safely, catastrophic potential, controllability, fear, scientific knowledge, as well as risk perception, increased significantly. When only risk diagnosis information was provided, catastrophic potential, fear, and risk for future generations remained static, but familiarity had a negative effect (R^2 = 0.586). Age and scientific knowledge affected the recognition of risk when safe risk management methods were provided (R^2 = 0.587). Risk controllability did not have any effect on risk perception. These results suggest that providing information about avoiding or dealing with risks has a positive effect on consumers’ risk perception.
Keywords: consumer product safety; chemical safety; risk reduction behavior; chemophobia; health knowledge, attitudes, practice; social responsibility consumer product safety; chemical safety; risk reduction behavior; chemophobia; health knowledge, attitudes, practice; social responsibility
MDPI and ACS Style

Kwon, S.-A.; Yoo, H.-J.; Song, E. Korean Consumers’ Recognition of Risks Depending on the Provision of Safety Information for Chemical Products. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1207.

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