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Open AccessArticle

Postpartum Physical Activity and Weight Retention within One Year: A Prospective Cohort Study in Vietnam

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School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
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Faculty of Public Health, Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Faculty of Public Health, Thai Nguyen University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Thai Nguyen 250000, Vietnam
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Faculty of Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Faculty of Public Health, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hai Phong 180000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 1105; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031105
Received: 19 December 2019 / Revised: 5 February 2020 / Accepted: 6 February 2020 / Published: 10 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Potential Risks and Factors of Women's Health Promotion)
After delivery, mothers are encouraged to increase physical activity (PA) gradually to regulate body weight; however, data on PA in relation to postpartum weight retention remains scarce, particularly among Asian women. In a cohort of 1617 Vietnamese mothers, we investigated the prospective association between habitual PA exposures at 3-month postpartum and weight retention at 6-month and 12-month postpartum. Detailed information on PA intensity and domains was collected from participants using a validated instrument specifically for Vietnamese women. Linear regression analyses and a general linear model for the repeated weight retention measures were used to ascertain the apparent relationships. On average, the participants reported 3.6 (SD 3.9) and 2.6 (SD 3.8) kg weight loss at 6- and 12-month postpartum, respectively. Total and light-intensity PA were inversely associated with the postpartum weight retention (p for trend <0.05). Our findings highlight the importance of resuming PA in the early postpartum period as an appropriate weight management strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; pregnancy; body weight; postpartum weight retention; cohort study; Vietnam physical activity; pregnancy; body weight; postpartum weight retention; cohort study; Vietnam
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Ha, A.V.V.; Zhao, Y.; Binns, C.W.; Pham, N.M.; Nguyen, P.T.H.; Nguyen, C.L.; Chu, T.K.; Lee, A.H. Postpartum Physical Activity and Weight Retention within One Year: A Prospective Cohort Study in Vietnam. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1105.

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