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Article

The Generalizability of HERO across 15 Nations: Positive Psychological Capital (PsyCap) beyond the US and Other WEIRD Countries

Division of Behavioral & Organizational Sciences, Claremont Graduate University, University in Claremont, Claremont, CA 91711, USA
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9432; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249432
Received: 29 October 2020 / Revised: 4 December 2020 / Accepted: 8 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges in Positive Organizational Psychology)
Recent meta-analyses of positive organizational psychology interventions (POPIs) suggest that interventions that target and improve hope, efficacy, resilience, and optimism (HERO) can be highly effective at improving well-being and positive functioning at work. However, many studies to date have been conducted with samples from the US and other Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic (WEIRD) societies, which raise the concern about the generalizability of theory-driven POPIs. The aim of this study was to examine if the underlying mechanism of one of the most successful POPIs to date, positive psychological capital (PsyCap) based on the HERO model, predicts positive functioning at work across diverse geographical regions and cultures. Using Qualtrics Panel data collected from 3860 employees across 15 nations (Australia, Brazil, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines, South Africa, and the United States), we found that PsyCap is strongly associated with workplace proactivity, proficiency, adaptivity, and overall work performance across all 15 nations. The results suggest that efforts to develop PsyCap may be effective across national cultures and could be a robust approach for enhancing positive functioning in the global workplace. View Full-Text
Keywords: positive psychological capital (PsyCap); HERO model; positive organizational psychology; cross-cultural positive organizational behavior; work performance positive psychological capital (PsyCap); HERO model; positive organizational psychology; cross-cultural positive organizational behavior; work performance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Donaldson, S.I.; Chan, L.B.; Villalobos, J.; Chen, C.L. The Generalizability of HERO across 15 Nations: Positive Psychological Capital (PsyCap) beyond the US and Other WEIRD Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9432. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249432

AMA Style

Donaldson SI, Chan LB, Villalobos J, Chen CL. The Generalizability of HERO across 15 Nations: Positive Psychological Capital (PsyCap) beyond the US and Other WEIRD Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9432. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249432

Chicago/Turabian Style

Donaldson, Stewart I., Lawrence B. Chan, Jennifer Villalobos, and Christopher L. Chen 2020. "The Generalizability of HERO across 15 Nations: Positive Psychological Capital (PsyCap) beyond the US and Other WEIRD Countries" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9432. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249432

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