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Article

Eight-Year Health Risks Trend Analysis of a Comprehensive Workplace Health Promotion Program

1
Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, 40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
2
Faculty of Social Sciences, Tampere University, 33014 Tampere, Finland
3
HealthPartners Institute, HealthPartners, Bloomington, MN 55420, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9426; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249426
Received: 31 October 2020 / Revised: 7 December 2020 / Accepted: 11 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Health and Wellbeing 2020)
Research has shown that workplace health promotion (WHP) efforts can positively affect employees’ health risk accumulation. However, earlier literature has provided insights of health risk changes in the short-term. This prospective longitudinal quasi-experimental study investigated trends in health risks of a comprehensive, eight-year WHP program (n = 523–651). Health risk data were collected from health risk assessments in 2010–2011, 2013–2014, and 2016–2017, applying both a questionnaire and biometric screenings. Health risk changes were investigated for three different time-periods, 2010–2013, 2014–2017, and 2010–2017, using descriptive analyses, t-tests, and the Wilcoxon Signed Rank and McNemar’s test, where appropriate. Overall health risk transitions were assessed according to low-, moderate-, and high-risk categories. Trend analyses observed 50–60% prevalence for low-, 30–35% for moderate-, and 9–11% high-risk levels across the eight years. In the overall health risk transitions of the three time-periods, 66–73% of participants stayed at the same risk level, 13–15% of participants improved, and 12–21% had deteriorated risk level across the three intervention periods. Our findings appear to indicate that the multiyear WHP program was effective in maintaining low and moderate risk levels, but fell short of reducing the total number of health risks at the population level. View Full-Text
Keywords: workplace health promotion; health risks; effectiveness; implementation; program evaluation; risk management workplace health promotion; health risks; effectiveness; implementation; program evaluation; risk management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Äikäs, A.; Absetz, P.; Hirvensalo, M.; Pronk, N. Eight-Year Health Risks Trend Analysis of a Comprehensive Workplace Health Promotion Program. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9426. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249426

AMA Style

Äikäs A, Absetz P, Hirvensalo M, Pronk N. Eight-Year Health Risks Trend Analysis of a Comprehensive Workplace Health Promotion Program. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9426. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249426

Chicago/Turabian Style

Äikäs, Antti, Pilvikki Absetz, Mirja Hirvensalo, and Nicolaas Pronk. 2020. "Eight-Year Health Risks Trend Analysis of a Comprehensive Workplace Health Promotion Program" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9426. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249426

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