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Article

Drugs as Soulmates: The Construction and Validation of a 12-Item Soulmate Scale to Measure Substance Addiction and Loneliness

Department of Social and Behavioural Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9408; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249408
Received: 5 November 2020 / Revised: 2 December 2020 / Accepted: 10 December 2020 / Published: 15 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in Public Health)
Substance users use substances to tackle psychological stress, frustrations, poor social support and poor-quality relationships. Such experience resembles seeking a soulmate for receiving comfort, a sense of security and satisfaction to relieve feelings of loneliness. Against this backdrop, the study aims to develop a Soulmate Scale to measure substance use and loneliness. Data were collected from 507 drug abusers between 18–71 years of age who were receiving drug addiction treatment in Hong Kong. Both exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted. Results show a valid and reliable scale with three factors: psychological release and shelter, staunch and supportive friendship, and spiritual solace and companionship. This study offers additional support for understanding the drug-taking experience of substance users from their perspective. The Scale provides a useful tool to assess the underlying reasons for substance users to persistently take drugs and formulate corresponding intervention plans to achieve drug abstinence. View Full-Text
Keywords: substance abuse; drug addiction; drug treatment; soulmate; loneliness; Hong Kong substance abuse; drug addiction; drug treatment; soulmate; loneliness; Hong Kong
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lo, T.W.; Yeung, J.W.K.; Lee, G.K.W.; Tam, C.H.L.; Chan, G.H.Y. Drugs as Soulmates: The Construction and Validation of a 12-Item Soulmate Scale to Measure Substance Addiction and Loneliness. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9408. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249408

AMA Style

Lo TW, Yeung JWK, Lee GKW, Tam CHL, Chan GHY. Drugs as Soulmates: The Construction and Validation of a 12-Item Soulmate Scale to Measure Substance Addiction and Loneliness. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9408. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249408

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lo, T. W., Jerf W.K. Yeung, Gabriel K.W. Lee, Cherry H.L. Tam, and Gloria H.Y. Chan. 2020. "Drugs as Soulmates: The Construction and Validation of a 12-Item Soulmate Scale to Measure Substance Addiction and Loneliness" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9408. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249408

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