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Article

Prevalence and Correlates of Heavy Episodic Alcohol Consumption among Adults in Ecuador: Results of the First National STEPS Survey in 2018

by 1,2 and 3,*
1
ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya 73170, Thailand
2
Department of Research Administration and Development, University of Limpopo, Turfloop 0727, South Africa
3
Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 9017; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239017
Received: 11 November 2020 / Revised: 27 November 2020 / Accepted: 2 December 2020 / Published: 3 December 2020
Thise study aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of heavy episodic drinking (HED) among adults in Ecuador. In the national, cross-sectional 2018 Ecuador STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS) survey, 4638 persons (median age = 39 years, range 18–69 years) responded to a questionnaire and physical measures. Logistic regression was used to assess the determinants of HED. Results indicate that 24.1% had past-month HED, 36.7% among men, and 12.0% of women; among past-12-month drinkers, 40.6% had past-month HED. In adjusted logistic regression analysis, male sex (adjusted odds ratio = AOR: 3.03, 95% confidence interval = CI: 2.44–3.77), past smoking (AOR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.12–1.81), and current smoking (AOR: 2.94, 95% CI: 2.25–3.86) were positively associated with HED, and being aged 50–69 years (AOR: 0.52, 95% CI: 0.39–0.68) was negatively associated with HED. In sex-stratified analyses among men, being African Ecuadorean or Mulato (AOR: 1.74, 95% CI: 1.07–2.84) and high physical activity (AOR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.02–2.01) were positively associated with HED, and among women, being Montubia (AOR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.16–0.90) was negatively associated with HED and obesity (AOR: 1.58, 95% CI: 1.05, 2.38) was positively associated with HED. Almost one in four participants engaged in HED, and several sociodemographic and health indicators were identified associated with HED. View Full-Text
Keywords: heavy episodic drinking; sociodemographic factors; health variables; Ecuador heavy episodic drinking; sociodemographic factors; health variables; Ecuador
MDPI and ACS Style

Pengpid, S.; Peltzer, K. Prevalence and Correlates of Heavy Episodic Alcohol Consumption among Adults in Ecuador: Results of the First National STEPS Survey in 2018. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9017. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239017

AMA Style

Pengpid S, Peltzer K. Prevalence and Correlates of Heavy Episodic Alcohol Consumption among Adults in Ecuador: Results of the First National STEPS Survey in 2018. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):9017. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239017

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pengpid, Supa, and Karl Peltzer. 2020. "Prevalence and Correlates of Heavy Episodic Alcohol Consumption among Adults in Ecuador: Results of the First National STEPS Survey in 2018" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 9017. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239017

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