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A Scoping Review of the Risk Factors Associated with Anaemia among Children Under Five Years in Sub-Saharan African Countries

1
School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 4DA, UK
2
Department of Liberal Studies, College of Administrative and Business Studies, Niger State Polytechnic, Bida Campus, Bida 912231, Nigeria
3
Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S10 2BP, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8829; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238829
Received: 29 October 2020 / Revised: 21 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 27 November 2020
Background/Purpose: Globally, anaemia is a severe public health condition affecting over 24% of the world’s population. Children under five years old and pregnant women are the most vulnerable to this disease. This scoping review aimed to evaluate studies that used classical statistical regression methods on nationally representative health survey data to identify the individual socioeconomic, demographic and contextual risk factors associated with developing anaemia among children under five years of age in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Methods/Design: The reporting pattern followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines. The following databases were searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE (OVID platform), Web of Science, PUBMED, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane library, African Journal of online (AJOL), Google Scholar and Measure DHS. Results: The review identified 20 relevant studies and the risk factors for anaemia were classified as child-related, parental/household-related and community- or area-related factors. The risk factors for anaemia identified included age, birth order, sex, comorbidities (such as fever, diarrhoea and acute respiratory infection), malnutrition or stunting, maternal education, maternal age, mother’s anaemia status, household wealth and place of residence. Conclusion: The outcome of this review is of significant value for health policy and planners to enable them to make informed decision that will correct any imbalances in anaemia across socioeconomic, demographic and contextual characteristics, with the view of making efficient distributions of health interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: anaemia; iron-deficiency; under five; sub-Saharan Africa; risk factors; scoping review anaemia; iron-deficiency; under five; sub-Saharan Africa; risk factors; scoping review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Obasohan, P.E.; Walters, S.J.; Jacques, R.; Khatab, K. A Scoping Review of the Risk Factors Associated with Anaemia among Children Under Five Years in Sub-Saharan African Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8829. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238829

AMA Style

Obasohan PE, Walters SJ, Jacques R, Khatab K. A Scoping Review of the Risk Factors Associated with Anaemia among Children Under Five Years in Sub-Saharan African Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8829. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238829

Chicago/Turabian Style

Obasohan, Phillips Edomwonyi; Walters, Stephen J.; Jacques, Richard; Khatab, Khaled. 2020. "A Scoping Review of the Risk Factors Associated with Anaemia among Children Under Five Years in Sub-Saharan African Countries" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 23: 8829. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238829

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