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Review

Strategies for Delivering Mental Health Services in Response to Global Climate Change: A Narrative Review

1
Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0411, USA
2
Phoenix Australia Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health and Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8562; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228562
Received: 6 October 2020 / Revised: 12 November 2020 / Accepted: 15 November 2020 / Published: 18 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Climate Change)
This narrative review examined strategies for preparedness and response to mental health impacts of three forms of climate change from a services perspective: (1) acute and extreme weather events such as hurricanes, floods, and wildfires, (2) sub-acute or long-term events such as droughts and heatwaves; and (3) the prospect of long-term and permanent changes, including higher temperatures, rising sea levels, and an uninhabitable physical environment. Strategies for acute events included development and implementation of programs and practices for monitoring and treating mental health problems and strengthening individual and community resilience, training of community health workers to deliver services, and conducting inventories of available resources and assessments of at-risk populations. Additional strategies for sub-acute changes included advocacy for mitigation policies and programs and adaptation of guidelines and interventions to address the secondary impacts of sub-acute events, such as threats to livelihood, health and well-being, population displacement, environmental degradation, and civil conflict. Strategies for long-lasting changes included the implementation of evidence-based risk communication interventions that address the existing and potential threat of climate change, promoting the mental health benefits of environmental conservation, and promoting psychological growth and resilience. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health services; climate change; disasters; trauma; prevention; treatment mental health services; climate change; disasters; trauma; prevention; treatment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Palinkas, L.A.; O’Donnell, M.L.; Lau, W.; Wong, M. Strategies for Delivering Mental Health Services in Response to Global Climate Change: A Narrative Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8562. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228562

AMA Style

Palinkas LA, O’Donnell ML, Lau W, Wong M. Strategies for Delivering Mental Health Services in Response to Global Climate Change: A Narrative Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8562. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228562

Chicago/Turabian Style

Palinkas, Lawrence A., Meaghan L. O’Donnell, Winnie Lau, and Marleen Wong. 2020. "Strategies for Delivering Mental Health Services in Response to Global Climate Change: A Narrative Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8562. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228562

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