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Article

Network Analysis of the Social Environment Relative to Preference for and Tolerance of Exercise Intensity in CrossFit Gyms

1
College of Education and Human Development, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA
2
College of Health and Human Sciences, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
3
Robbins College of Health and Human Sciences, Baylor University, Waco, TX 76706, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8370; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228370
Received: 11 October 2020 / Revised: 5 November 2020 / Accepted: 6 November 2020 / Published: 12 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health and Fitness Outcomes from High Intensity Group Training)
Known for its ability to improve fitness and health, high-intensity functional training (HIFT) focuses on functional movements completed at high intensities, often yielding outcomes superior to repetitive aerobic workouts. Preference for and tolerance of high-intensity exercise are associated with enjoyment of and adherence to HIFT. Similarly, the social environment present within CrossFit, a popular group-based HIFT modality, is important to the enjoyment of and adherence to HIFT. This study aimed to test whether preference and tolerance were related to social connections within CrossFit networks. Linear network autocorrelation models (LNAMs) and exponential random graph models (ERGMs) were computed on sociometric and attribute data from members of three CrossFit networks (n = 197). LNAMs showed the preference and tolerance scores of someone’s social connections were associated with their own in all three gyms, and ERGMs demonstrated preference and tolerance scores were associated with the presence of social ties within all networks. This study is the first to provide evidence for a relationship between social connections and preference and tolerance. Future longitudinal research is needed to determine if the social environment may influence and optimize a person’s preference of and tolerance for HIFT. View Full-Text
Keywords: social networks; social network analysis; high-intensity functional training; group exercise; sense of community social networks; social network analysis; high-intensity functional training; group exercise; sense of community
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MDPI and ACS Style

Patterson, M.S.; Heinrich, K.M.; Prochnow, T.; Graves-Boswell, T.; Spadine, M.N. Network Analysis of the Social Environment Relative to Preference for and Tolerance of Exercise Intensity in CrossFit Gyms. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8370. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228370

AMA Style

Patterson MS, Heinrich KM, Prochnow T, Graves-Boswell T, Spadine MN. Network Analysis of the Social Environment Relative to Preference for and Tolerance of Exercise Intensity in CrossFit Gyms. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8370. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228370

Chicago/Turabian Style

Patterson, Megan S., Katie M. Heinrich, Tyler Prochnow, Taylor Graves-Boswell, and Mandy N. Spadine 2020. "Network Analysis of the Social Environment Relative to Preference for and Tolerance of Exercise Intensity in CrossFit Gyms" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8370. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228370

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