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Open AccessArticle

Connections between Family Assets and Positive Youth Development: The Association between Parental Monitoring and Affection with Leisure-Time Activities and Substance Use

1
Department of Community, Maternity and Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing, Campus Universitario, Universidad de Navarra, 31009 Pamplona, Spain
2
IdisNA, Navarra Institute for Health Research, Irunlarrea 3, 31008 Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
3
Institute for Culture and Society, Campus Universitario, Universidad de Navarra, 31009 Pamplona, Spain
4
School of Education and Psychology, Campus Universitario, Universidad de Navarra, 31009 Pamplona, Spain
5
Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Campus Universitario, Universidad de Navarra, 31009 Pamplona, Spain
6
School of Nursing and Carolina Center for Genome Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8170; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218170
Received: 11 October 2020 / Revised: 29 October 2020 / Accepted: 2 November 2020 / Published: 5 November 2020
This study aimed to determine the associations between parental monitoring and affection and three adolescent lifestyle aspects: constructive leisure, non-constructive leisure and substance use. A cross-sectional study was conducted in four countries (Chile, Mexico, Spain and Peru). Adolescents aged 12–15 self-completed a multi-purpose questionnaire. Multiple logistic regressions were performed to analyse the association between the parental monitoring and affection variables and the outcomes in terms of the children’s lifestyles. The results indicate that parental monitoring is conducive to more constructive leisure and less non-constructive leisure and seems to be conducive to the prevention of substance use. Furthermore, parental affection is conducive to constructive leisure and the prevention of substance use. The discussion focuses on the fact that the family can be a protective resource associated with positive adolescent development. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; health assets; positive youth development; constructive leisure activities; substance use; lifestyles adolescents; health assets; positive youth development; constructive leisure activities; substance use; lifestyles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Belintxon, M.; Osorio, A.; de Irala, J.; Van Riper, M.; Reparaz, C.; Vidaurreta, M. Connections between Family Assets and Positive Youth Development: The Association between Parental Monitoring and Affection with Leisure-Time Activities and Substance Use. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8170. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218170

AMA Style

Belintxon M, Osorio A, de Irala J, Van Riper M, Reparaz C, Vidaurreta M. Connections between Family Assets and Positive Youth Development: The Association between Parental Monitoring and Affection with Leisure-Time Activities and Substance Use. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8170. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218170

Chicago/Turabian Style

Belintxon, Maider; Osorio, Alfonso; de Irala, Jokin; Van Riper, Marcia; Reparaz, Charo; Vidaurreta, Marta. 2020. "Connections between Family Assets and Positive Youth Development: The Association between Parental Monitoring and Affection with Leisure-Time Activities and Substance Use" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 21: 8170. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218170

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