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Article

Study of the Relationship between the Average Annual Temperature of Atmospheric Air and the Number of Tick-Bitten Humans in the North of European Russia

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Scientific Research Centre for Ecological Safety of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 18, Korpusnaya str., 197110 St.-Petersburg, Russia
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Saint-Petersburg Pasteur Institute, 14, str. Mira, 197101 St.-Petersburg, Russia
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Komi Republic Office of the Russian Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing, 71, Ordjonikidze str., 167016 Syktyvkar, Republic of Komi, Russia
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Department of hygiene and medical ecology, The Northern State Medical University, 51, Troitskiy Ave., 163000 Arkhangelsk, Arkhangelskaya oblast, Russia
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Arkhangelsk Regional Office of the Russian Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing, 24, Gaydar str., 163000 Arkhangelsk, Arkhangelskaya oblast, Russia
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Dept. Clinical Microbiology, Umea University, 90187 Umea, Sweden
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Karelia Republic Regional Office of the Russian Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing, 12, Pirogov str., 185002 Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8006; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218006
Received: 15 September 2020 / Revised: 23 October 2020 / Accepted: 28 October 2020 / Published: 30 October 2020
In recent decades, a considerable increase in the number of tick-bitten humans has been recorded in the north of European Russia. At the same time, significant climatic changes, such as an increase in air temperature, were noticed in this region. The northern border of the ixodidae distribution area lies in the north of European Russia, therefore the analysis of the population dynamics is of particular interest regarding the possible impact of the climate changes. Unfortunately, in such a large territory field, studies on tick abundance are very difficult. In our study, the official statistics for the number of tick-bitten humans were used. This kind of statistical analysis has been conducted in the Russian Federation for many years, and can be used for the estimation of climate change impact on tick abundance. Statistical data on tick-bitten humans have been collected in three large regions for several decades. For the same regions, the average annual air temperature was calculated and modeled. An S-shaped distribution of the number of victims depending on the average annual air temperature was established, which can be described as “Verhulst’s law”, or logistic function. However, the development of the population does not depend on time, but on the temperature of the ambient air. View Full-Text
Keywords: climatic changes; annual air temperature; tick-bitten humans climatic changes; annual air temperature; tick-bitten humans
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tronin, A.; Tokarevich, N.; Blinova, O.; Gnativ, B.; Buzinov, R.; Sokolova, O.; Evengard, B.; Pahomova, T.; Bubnova, L.; Safonova, O. Study of the Relationship between the Average Annual Temperature of Atmospheric Air and the Number of Tick-Bitten Humans in the North of European Russia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8006. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218006

AMA Style

Tronin A, Tokarevich N, Blinova O, Gnativ B, Buzinov R, Sokolova O, Evengard B, Pahomova T, Bubnova L, Safonova O. Study of the Relationship between the Average Annual Temperature of Atmospheric Air and the Number of Tick-Bitten Humans in the North of European Russia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8006. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tronin, Andrei, Nikolay Tokarevich, Olga Blinova, Bogdan Gnativ, Roman Buzinov, Olga Sokolova, Birgitta Evengard, Tatyana Pahomova, Liliya Bubnova, and Olga Safonova. 2020. "Study of the Relationship between the Average Annual Temperature of Atmospheric Air and the Number of Tick-Bitten Humans in the North of European Russia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 8006. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218006

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