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Article

Fast Response to Superspreading: Uncertainty and Complexity in the Context of COVID-19

1
Department of Knowledge and Communication Management, Faculty of Business and Globalization, Danube University Krems, 3500 Krems an der Donau, Austria
2
Complexity Science Hub Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
3
Nova School of Business and Economics, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2775-405 Carcavelos, Portugal
4
School of Complex Adaptive Systems Tempe, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-2701, USA
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Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA
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Global Climate Forum, 10178 Berlin, Germany
7
Institute of Chemical Technology, Freiberg University of Mining and Technology, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
8
WasserCluster Lunz-Inter-University Center for Aquatic Ecosystem Research, 3293 Lunz am See, Austria
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Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
11
Channing Division of Network Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7884; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217884
Received: 10 September 2020 / Revised: 13 October 2020 / Accepted: 21 October 2020 / Published: 27 October 2020
Although the first coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) wave has peaked with the second wave underway, the world is still struggling to manage potential systemic risks and unpredictability of the pandemic. A particular challenge is the “superspreading” of the virus, which starts abruptly, is difficult to predict, and can quickly escalate into medical and socio-economic emergencies that contribute to long-lasting crises challenging our current ways of life. In these uncertain times, organizations and societies worldwide are faced with the need to develop appropriate strategies and intervention portfolios that require fast understanding of the complex interdependencies in our world and rapid, flexible action to contain the spread of the virus as quickly as possible, thus preventing further disastrous consequences of the pandemic. We integrate perspectives from systems sciences, epidemiology, biology, social networks, and organizational research in the context of the superspreading phenomenon to understand the complex system of COVID-19 pandemic and develop suggestions for interventions aimed at rapid responses. View Full-Text
Keywords: complex systems; COVID-19; superspreading; networks; fast response; improvisation; interdisciplinary perspectives; transdisciplinarity; SARS-CoV-2; pandemic complex systems; COVID-19; superspreading; networks; fast response; improvisation; interdisciplinary perspectives; transdisciplinarity; SARS-CoV-2; pandemic
MDPI and ACS Style

Zenk, L.; Steiner, G.; Pina e Cunha, M.; Laubichler, M.D.; Bertau, M.; Kainz, M.J.; Jäger, C.; Schernhammer, E.S. Fast Response to Superspreading: Uncertainty and Complexity in the Context of COVID-19. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7884. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217884

AMA Style

Zenk L, Steiner G, Pina e Cunha M, Laubichler MD, Bertau M, Kainz MJ, Jäger C, Schernhammer ES. Fast Response to Superspreading: Uncertainty and Complexity in the Context of COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):7884. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217884

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zenk, Lukas, Gerald Steiner, Miguel Pina e Cunha, Manfred D. Laubichler, Martin Bertau, Martin J. Kainz, Carlo Jäger, and Eva S. Schernhammer 2020. "Fast Response to Superspreading: Uncertainty and Complexity in the Context of COVID-19" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 7884. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217884

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