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Article

Perspectives of the Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment Living Alone on Participating in a Dementia Prevention Program: A Q Methodology Study

1
Department of Nursing, University of Kang Ning, Taipei 114, Taiwan
2
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
3
Institute of Clinical Nursing, School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan
4
Department of Senior Citizen Service, Mackay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Taipei 112, Taiwan
5
Xinyi District Health Center, Taipei City 110, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7712; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217712
Received: 6 October 2020 / Revised: 18 October 2020 / Accepted: 20 October 2020 / Published: 22 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Promotion for the Elderly)
This study aimed to identify and describe the various patterns of perspectives among older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) living alone on participating in a dementia prevention program. Q methodology was applied to investigate the perspectives of 30 community-dwelling elderly people with MCI living alone from March to August 2018. As Q methodology applies a forced distribution through the Q-sorting technique, it could capture participants’ perspective patterns. Thirty-two Q-statements were constructed to explore the participants’ attitudes regarding their participation in a dementia prevention program. The participants performed Q-sorting to rank the 32 statements into a Q-sort grid. Principal component analysis was conducted using the PQ Method 2.35 software to identify patterns in participants’ perspectives. Four patterns of shared perspectives, accounting for 54.65% of the total variance, were identified: (a) awareness of health benefits and readiness to take preventive actions; (b) emphasis on cost consideration, and not ready to participate; (c) concern about family’s attitude and needing family support; (d) emphasis on medical care and needing providers’ recommendation. The exploration of clusters of the elderly with MCI could assist health professionals in acknowledging elderly people’s attitudes and responses towards participating in a dementia prevention program. View Full-Text
Keywords: community-dwelling; elderly living alone; mild cognitive impairment; Q methodology; dementia prevention community-dwelling; elderly living alone; mild cognitive impairment; Q methodology; dementia prevention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, L.-T.; Huang, C.-M.; Huang, S.-F.; Wu, S.-I.; Guo, J.-L. Perspectives of the Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment Living Alone on Participating in a Dementia Prevention Program: A Q Methodology Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7712. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217712

AMA Style

Lu L-T, Huang C-M, Huang S-F, Wu S-I, Guo J-L. Perspectives of the Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment Living Alone on Participating in a Dementia Prevention Program: A Q Methodology Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):7712. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217712

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lu, Li-Ting, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Su-Fei Huang, Shu-I Wu, and Jong-Long Guo. 2020. "Perspectives of the Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment Living Alone on Participating in a Dementia Prevention Program: A Q Methodology Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 7712. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217712

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