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Article

Assessing the Distribution of Elderly Requiring Care: A Case Study on the Residents in Barcelona and the Impact of COVID-19

1
Dept. of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08005 Barcelona, Spain
2
Dept. Econometrics, Universitat de Barcelona, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7486; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207486
Received: 12 September 2020 / Revised: 7 October 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 15 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Economics of Caring)
In this work, we establish a methodological framework to analyze the care demand for elderly citizens in any area with a large proportion of elderly population, and to find connections to the cumulative incidence of COVID-19. Thanks to this analysis, it is possible to detect deficiencies in the public elderly care system, identify the most disadvantaged areas in this sense, and reveal convenient information to improve the system. The methods used in each step of the framework belong to data analytics: choropleth maps, clustering analysis, principal component analysis, or linear regression. We applied this methodology to Barcelona to analyze the distribution of the demand for elderly care services. Thus, we obtained a deeper understanding of how the demand for elderly care is dispersed throughout the city. Considering the characteristics that were likely to impact the demand for homecare in the neighborhoods, we clearly identified five groups of neighborhoods with different profiles and needs. Additionally, we found that the number of cases in each neighborhood was more correlated to the number of elderly people in the neighborhood than it was to the number of beds in assisted living or day care facilities in the neighborhood, despite the negative impact of COVID-19 cases on the reputation of this kind of center. View Full-Text
Keywords: elderly population; care system; COVID-19; data analytics elderly population; care system; COVID-19; data analytics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arvelo, E.; de Armas, J.; Guillen, M. Assessing the Distribution of Elderly Requiring Care: A Case Study on the Residents in Barcelona and the Impact of COVID-19. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7486. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207486

AMA Style

Arvelo E, de Armas J, Guillen M. Assessing the Distribution of Elderly Requiring Care: A Case Study on the Residents in Barcelona and the Impact of COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7486. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207486

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arvelo, Enrique, Jesica de Armas, and Monserrat Guillen. 2020. "Assessing the Distribution of Elderly Requiring Care: A Case Study on the Residents in Barcelona and the Impact of COVID-19" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7486. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207486

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