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Open AccessReview

Prevalence and Economic Burden of Respiratory Diseases in Central Asia and Russia: A Systematic Review

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Pulmonology Department, National Center of Cardiology and Internal Medicine named after M.M. Mirrakhimov, Bishkek 720040, Kyrgyzstan
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Unit of Global Health, Department of Health Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
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Department of Economics, Econometrics & Finance, Faculty of Economics & Business, University of Groningen, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
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Department of Pharmacology & Therapy, Airlangga University, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia
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Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, 2333 ZA Leiden, The Netherlands
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Groningen Research Institute for Asthma and COPD (GRIAC), University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7483; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207483
Received: 5 September 2020 / Revised: 7 October 2020 / Accepted: 10 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
Prevalence data of respiratory diseases (RDs) in Central Asia (CA) and Russia are contrasting. To inform future research needs and assist government and clinical policy on RDs, an up-to-date overview is required. We aimed to review the prevalence and economic burden of RDs in CA and Russia. PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched for studies that reported prevalence and/or economic burden of RDs (asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis, interstitial lung diseases (ILD), lung cancer, pulmonary hypertension, and tuberculosis (TB)) in CA (Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan) and Russia. A total of 25 articles (RD prevalence: 18; economics: 7) were included. The majority (n = 12), mostly from Russia, reported on TB. TB prevalence declined over the last 20 years, to less than 100 per 100,000 across Russia and CA, yet in those, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) was alarming high (newly treated: 19–26%, previously treated: 60–70%). COPD, asthma (2–15%) and ILD (0.006%) prevalence was only reported for Russia and Kazakhstan. No studies on cystic fibrosis, lung cancer and pulmonary hypertension were found. TB costs varied between US$400 (Tajikistan) and US$900 (Russia) for drug-susceptible TB to ≥US$10,000 for MDR-TB (Russia). Non-TB data were scarce and inconsistent. Especially in CA, more research into the prevalence and burden of RDs is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: prevalence; economic burden; chronic respiratory diseases; Central Asia; Russia prevalence; economic burden; chronic respiratory diseases; Central Asia; Russia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tabyshova, A.; Emilov, B.; Postma, M.J.; Chavannes, N.H.; Sooronbaev, T.; van Boven, J.F.M. Prevalence and Economic Burden of Respiratory Diseases in Central Asia and Russia: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7483. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207483

AMA Style

Tabyshova A, Emilov B, Postma MJ, Chavannes NH, Sooronbaev T, van Boven JFM. Prevalence and Economic Burden of Respiratory Diseases in Central Asia and Russia: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7483. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207483

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tabyshova, Aizhamal; Emilov, Berik; Postma, Maarten J.; Chavannes, Niels H.; Sooronbaev, Talant; van Boven, Job F.M. 2020. "Prevalence and Economic Burden of Respiratory Diseases in Central Asia and Russia: A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 20: 7483. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207483

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