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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Negative Informal Information Before a Change on Performance: A Within-Person Approach

1
Department of Human Resources Management, Economics and Management School, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430000, China
2
Department of Human Resource Management, Business School, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
3
Human Resource Department, WISDRI Engineering & Research Incorporation Limited, Wuhan 430000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 670; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020670
Received: 17 November 2019 / Revised: 14 January 2020 / Accepted: 19 January 2020 / Published: 20 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health Psychology)
We live in a rapidly changing business environment where change has become the norm for organizations to maintain competitiveness. Although both scholars and practitioners agree that organizational change communication is important to help employees adjust to change, little is known about how negative informal information before the change affects employees’ reaction to the change and occurrence of possible within-person dynamics of resistance intention over time. Based on the construal-level theory, we used SPSS 22, AMOS 20, and HLM 6.0 as tools to explore how negative informal information affects individual performance. We used a multilevel approach to probe within-person processes among 215 MBA students in China. The results show that (1) negative informal information provided before the organizational change is positively related to the resistance intention, (2) resistance intention decreases significantly over time, and (3) negative informal information is negatively related to individual performance during the organizational change. The results from this study extend the literature on informal communication before the change and provide a dynamic perspective on the occurrence of possible within-person dynamics of resistance intention over time. View Full-Text
Keywords: informal information; organizational change; resistance intention; within-person; performance informal information; organizational change; resistance intention; within-person; performance
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Jiang, X.; Du, J.; Zhou, J.; Cui, Y. The Impact of Negative Informal Information Before a Change on Performance: A Within-Person Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 670.

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