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Open AccessArticle

Comprehensive Evaluation System of Occupational Hazard Prevention and Control in Iron and Steel Enterprises Based on A Modified Delphi Technique

1
School of Public Health, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063210, China
2
Hebei Province Key Laboratory of Occupational Health and Safety for Coal Industry, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063210, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 667; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020667
Received: 21 November 2019 / Revised: 17 January 2020 / Accepted: 19 January 2020 / Published: 20 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
The study designs a comprehensive evaluation system for the prevention and control of occupational hazards, calculates its weight coefficient, and provides a potential strategic and effective tool for the scientific evaluation of occupational hazards in the iron and steel enterprises. The system was established through induction and analysis of relevant literature, personal interview, theoretical analysis, Delphi expert consultation, and special group discussions. Using an improved analytical hierarchy process fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model and on the basis of the improved Delphi expert investigation, the weight of the operability comprehensive evaluation index system is constructed. A three-level index system is established on the basis of harmful factors of occupational activities, health status of employees, protection facilities of occupational hazards, occupational health management, and so on. The index system structure is 4-20-95, and the weight coefficients of the four dimensions are 0.2516, 0.2428, 0.2550, and 0.2506. The recovery rate of the questionnaire was 82.5%, 100.0%, and 100.0%. The effective rates were 75.0%, 100.0%, and 100.0%. Conversely, the expert authority coefficients of the four dimensions are 0.875, 0.769, 0.832 and 0.800. Results show that the consistency factors of the four dimensions are statistically significant. Cronbach’s α coefficient, standardized Cronbach’s α coefficient, and split-half reliability of the comprehensive evaluation index system are 0.959, 0.950, and 0.810, respectively. After factor analysis, four common factors were extracted on the basis of expert opinions, and the cumulative variance was 63.1%. The comprehensive evaluation system for the prevention and control of occupational hazards in the iron and steel enterprises proposed by the study is relatively complete and reasonable. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron and steel enterprises; occupational hazards; system; Delphi method; analytic hierarchy process; fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model iron and steel enterprises; occupational hazards; system; Delphi method; analytic hierarchy process; fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model
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Song, Y.; Chen, Z.; Zhang, S.; Wang, J.; Li, C.; Li, X.; Yuan, J.; Zhang, X. Comprehensive Evaluation System of Occupational Hazard Prevention and Control in Iron and Steel Enterprises Based on A Modified Delphi Technique. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 667.

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