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Article

Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Validation of the Standardised Nordic Questionnaire Spanish Version in Musicians

1
Physiotherapist in Private Clinic (IMA Fisiosalud), 28850 Madrid, Spain
2
Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, 28805 Madrid, Spain
3
Medical Statistics Unit, Department of Epidemiology, Hospital Central de la Defensa, 28047 Madrid, Spain
4
Physiotherapy in Women’s Health Research Group, Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, 28805 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 653; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020653
Received: 7 December 2019 / Revised: 12 January 2020 / Accepted: 16 January 2020 / Published: 19 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Knowledge for a Better Occupational Health and Safety Management)
Background: The Standardised Nordic Questionnaire (SNQ) is an instrument to analyse the musculoskeletal symptoms in an ergonomic or occupational health context. We aimed to cross-culturally adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the SNQ among Spanish musicians. Methods: Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric validation (reliability, validity, and feasibility) was performed. Reliability was analysed by test-retest reliability (Cohen’s Kappa) and internal consistency (Kuder–Richardson). Content and face validity were measured by the Expert Committee and the opinion of participants. Construct validity (Mann–Whitney U test) was measured by comparing with questionnaires used to assess pain and disability in neck, shoulders, upper back, and low back regions. Feasibility was calculated with the average response time. Results: A total of 312 Spanish musicians were included. The Spanish version of SNQ achieved good semantic, conceptual, idiomatic, and content equivalence. For most of the variables, test-retest reliability was good to very good (k = 0.60–0.81). The internal consistency showed good to acceptable (Kuder–Richardson 20 (KR20) = 0.737–0.873). Participants with versus without musculoskeletal problems in a related region showed significantly higher disability/pain, indicating a good construct validity. About the feasibility, the average response time of the questionnaire was 6 min (±2). Conclusions: The results show that the Spanish SNQ is reliable, valid, and feasible screening tool to assess musculoskeletal problems among musicians. View Full-Text
Keywords: Standardised Nordic Questionnaire; reliability; validity; validation; musculoskeletal symptoms; Spanish; musicians Standardised Nordic Questionnaire; reliability; validity; validation; musculoskeletal symptoms; Spanish; musicians
MDPI and ACS Style

Gómez-Rodríguez, R.; Díaz-Pulido, B.; Gutiérrez-Ortega, C.; Sánchez-Sánchez, B.; Torres-Lacomba, M. Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Validation of the Standardised Nordic Questionnaire Spanish Version in Musicians. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 653. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020653

AMA Style

Gómez-Rodríguez R, Díaz-Pulido B, Gutiérrez-Ortega C, Sánchez-Sánchez B, Torres-Lacomba M. Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Validation of the Standardised Nordic Questionnaire Spanish Version in Musicians. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(2):653. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020653

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gómez-Rodríguez, Rosa, Belén Díaz-Pulido, Carlos Gutiérrez-Ortega, Beatriz Sánchez-Sánchez, and María Torres-Lacomba. 2020. "Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Validation of the Standardised Nordic Questionnaire Spanish Version in Musicians" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 2: 653. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020653

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