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HIV Stigma and Moral Judgement: Qualitative Exploration of the Experiences of HIV Stigma and Discrimination among Married Men Living with HIV in Yogyakarta

1
Faculty of Theology, Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta 55283, Indonesia
2
College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001, South Australia, Australia
3
Institute of Resource Governance and Social Change, Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur 85221, Indonesia
4
Medicine Faculty, Duta Wacana Christian University, Yogyakarta 55224, Indonesia
5
Saint Peter Pastoral Institute of the Diocese of Atambua, Nusa Tenggara Timur 58163, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 636; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020636
Received: 2 December 2019 / Revised: 14 January 2020 / Accepted: 15 January 2020 / Published: 19 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
It is well acknowledged that human immunodeficiency virus stigma (HIV stigma) challenges people living with HIV globally. There is a scarcity of information about determinants of HIV stigma and discrimination among married men in the Indonesian context. This study aimed to explore factors that contribute to stigma and discrimination against HIV-positive men married to women in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted to collect data from participants using a snowball sampling technique. A framework analysis was used to guide the analysis of the data. HIV stigma framework was also applied in the conceptualisation and the discussion of the findings. The findings indicate that participants experienced external stigma within healthcare facilities, communities and families. This external stigma was expressed in various discriminatory attitudes and behaviours by healthcare professionals and community and family members. Similarly, participants experienced anticipated stigma as a result of HIV stigma and discrimination experienced by other people living with HIV. Individual moral judgement associating HIV status with amoral behaviours and participants’ negative self-judgement were determinants of perceived stigma. The current findings indicate the need for training programs about HIV stigma issues for healthcare professionals. There is also a need to disseminate HIV information and to improve HIV stigma knowledge among families and communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: HIV stigma and discrimination; moral judgement; HIV-positive men married to women; Yogyakarta; Indonesia HIV stigma and discrimination; moral judgement; HIV-positive men married to women; Yogyakarta; Indonesia
MDPI and ACS Style

Mahamboro, D.B.; Fauk, N.K.; Ward, P.R.; Merry, M.S.; Siri, T.A.; Mwanri, L. HIV Stigma and Moral Judgement: Qualitative Exploration of the Experiences of HIV Stigma and Discrimination among Married Men Living with HIV in Yogyakarta. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 636. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020636

AMA Style

Mahamboro DB, Fauk NK, Ward PR, Merry MS, Siri TA, Mwanri L. HIV Stigma and Moral Judgement: Qualitative Exploration of the Experiences of HIV Stigma and Discrimination among Married Men Living with HIV in Yogyakarta. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(2):636. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020636

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mahamboro, Dionius B.; Fauk, Nelsensius K.; Ward, Paul R.; Merry, Maria S.; Siri, Theodorus A.; Mwanri, Lillian. 2020. "HIV Stigma and Moral Judgement: Qualitative Exploration of the Experiences of HIV Stigma and Discrimination among Married Men Living with HIV in Yogyakarta" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 2: 636. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020636

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