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Article

Identification of the H&S (Health and Safety Factors) Involved in Infrastructure Projects in Developing Countries-A Sequential Mixed Method Approach of OLMT-Project

1
Institute of Construction Project Management, Collage of Civil Engineering & Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
Department of Management Science, Bahria University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore 54600, Pakistan
3
School of Economy & Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
4
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, Wangsimni, Seoul 04763, Korea
5
Department of Civil Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Technology, Multan 66000, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 635; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020635
Received: 6 December 2019 / Revised: 8 January 2020 / Accepted: 8 January 2020 / Published: 19 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Safety and Risks in Construction)
Urbanization is playing a key role in big cities of developing countries, which, in effect, is increasing the population. This study takes care of the mega infrastructure project (Orange Line Metro Train (OLMT)) to explore and identify the H&S (Health and Safety) factors that affect the local residents and the main key stakeholders working on the project. A Sequential Mixed-Method approach of the OLMT-project includes qualitative and quantitative methods were adopted. The data have been collected from the targeted population working on the OLMT-project through a questionnaire. The main key finding of the study indicates that poor planning and a lack of communication between the public and government led to frustration. The most significant factors that identified in the study were unsafe to work practice, project scope constraints, lack in technical and material support, unsafe/bad condition, health/environment degradation, declination and loss of resources and time, no proper emergency system, and negligence in adopting safety rules and laws. The study also revealed that the consensus should also be noticed between the key stakeholders (e.g., contractors, clients, safety officials, academia) in the second round of the Delphi survey of the project. The study findings will help the key stakeholders to prioritize their energies towards attaining zero levels of inadequate health and safety practices in infrastructure projects. The study outcomes can also be generalized for the other developing countries having a similar work scenario. View Full-Text
Keywords: construction; health; safety; infrastructure projects; delphi survey; OLMT-project construction; health; safety; infrastructure projects; delphi survey; OLMT-project
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nawaz, A.; Su, X.; Din, Q.M.U.; Khalid, M.I.; Bilal, M.; Shah, S.A.R. Identification of the H&S (Health and Safety Factors) Involved in Infrastructure Projects in Developing Countries-A Sequential Mixed Method Approach of OLMT-Project. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 635. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020635

AMA Style

Nawaz A, Su X, Din QMU, Khalid MI, Bilal M, Shah SAR. Identification of the H&S (Health and Safety Factors) Involved in Infrastructure Projects in Developing Countries-A Sequential Mixed Method Approach of OLMT-Project. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(2):635. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020635

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nawaz, Ahsan; Su, Xing; Din, Qaiser M.U.; Khalid, Muhammad I.; Bilal, Muhammad; Shah, Syyed A.R. 2020. "Identification of the H&S (Health and Safety Factors) Involved in Infrastructure Projects in Developing Countries-A Sequential Mixed Method Approach of OLMT-Project" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 2: 635. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020635

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