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Associations between Physical Activity and Comorbidities in People with COPD Residing in Spain: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

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Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Murcia, 30720 Murcia, Spain
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The Cambridge Centre for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge CB5 8DZ, UK
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 594; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020594 (registering DOI)
Received: 23 December 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 15 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Exercise and Sports on Health)
There is a high prevalence of comorbidities among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Comorbidities are likely common in patients with any COPD degree and are associated with increased mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of thirty-one different COPD comorbidities and to evaluate the association between physical activity (PA) levels in people with COPD residing in Spain. Cross-sectional data from the Spanish National Health Survey 2017 were analysed. A total of 601 adults (52.2% females) with COPD aged 15 to 69 participated in this study. PA (exposure) was measured with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form and comorbidities (outcomes) were self-reported in response to the question “Have you ever been diagnosed with…?” Multivariable logistic regression, in three different models, was used to assess this association. Results showed a high prevalence of comorbidities (94%), these being chronic lumbar back pain (38.9%), chronic allergy (34.8%), arthrosis (34.1%), chronic cervical back pain (33.3%), asthma (32.9%) and hypertension (32.8%) the most prevalent. Low PA level was significantly associated with urinary incontinence (2.115[1.213–3.689]), chronic constipation (1.970[1.119–3.459]), cataracts (1.840[1.074–3.153]), chronic anxiety (1.508[1.002–2.269]) and chronic lumbar back pain (1.489[1.044–2.125]). Therefore, people with COPD should increase their PA levels in order to reduce their risk of comorbidities and increase their quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: lung disease; physical exercise; prevalence; adults lung disease; physical exercise; prevalence; adults
MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez Castillo, S.; Smith, L.; Díaz Suárez, A.; López Sánchez, G.F. Associations between Physical Activity and Comorbidities in People with COPD Residing in Spain: A Cross-Sectional Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 594.

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