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Open AccessArticle

Patterns and Correlates of Sedentary Behavior in Children Attending Family Child Care

1
Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation (IHBI) at Queensland Centre for Children’s Health Research, Queensland University of Technology, South Brisbane, QLD 4101, Australia
2
Children’s Health Queensland Hospital and Health Service, South Brisbane, QLD 4101, Australia
3
Department of Health and Human Performance, Eastern Oregon University, La Grande, OR 97850, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 549; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020549
Received: 12 November 2019 / Revised: 10 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
Public health authorities recommend young children should not be sedentary for more than one hour at a time. This study assessed the frequency and duration of sedentary bouts in children attending family child care homes (FCCHs); and examined associations with FCCH provider practices related to sedentary behaviors. Overall, 127 children (aged 3.5 ± 1.1 years) from 41 FCCHs participated in the study. Sedentary bouts were measured using an accelerometer worn for the duration of FCCHs attendance over a randomly selected week. Provider practices were assessed using the Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care self-assessment instrument. Children attending FCCHs mostly accumulated short sedentary bouts (<5 min) with very few lasting more than 10 min. Boys exhibited significantly fewer sedentary bouts, and significantly less sedentary time in bouts than girls. Children attending FCCHs that met or exceeded childcare standards for outdoor active play, had portable play equipment, offered a variety of fixed play equipment, and/or adequate indoor play space exhibited significantly fewer sedentary bouts and significantly less sedentary time accumulated in short and medium length bouts. Programs encouraging FCCHs to adopt physical activity promoting practices could potentially reduce child sedentary time while in care. View Full-Text
Keywords: early childhood education and care; sedentary behavior; family child care home; screen time early childhood education and care; sedentary behavior; family child care home; screen time
MDPI and ACS Style

Chai, L.K.; Rice-McNeil, K.; Trost, S.G. Patterns and Correlates of Sedentary Behavior in Children Attending Family Child Care. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 549.

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