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Effects of Moderate Combined Resistance- and Aerobic-Exercise for 12 Weeks on Body Composition, Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Blood Pressure, Arterial Stiffness, and Physical Functions, among Obese Older Men: A Pilot Study

1
Department of Physical Education, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Physical Activity and Performance Institute (PAPI), Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Korea
3
Department of Physical Education, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 06974, Korea
4
Department of Oriental Sports Medicine, Daegu Haany University, 1 Haanydaero, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-Do 38610, Korea
5
Department of Sports Medicine and Science, Graduate School, Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7233; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197233
Received: 27 August 2020 / Revised: 27 September 2020 / Accepted: 1 October 2020 / Published: 3 October 2020
We demonstrated the hypothesis that combined exercise improves body composition, cardiometabolic risk factors, blood pressure (BP), arterial stiffness, and physical functions, in obese older men. Older men (n = 20) were randomly assigned to combined exercise training (EXP; n = 10) or control groups (CON; n = 10). The combined exercise was comprised of elastic-band resistance training and walking/running on a treadmill and bicycle at 60–70% of maximal heart rate for 3 days/weeks. EXP showed significant decreases in body weight, body mass index, and %body fat (p < 0.05). The exercise program significantly reduced BP, mean arterial pressure, pulse pressure, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity. Furthermore, while the plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and epinephrine were significantly reduced in EXP, VO2 peak and grip strength were significantly enhanced (p < 0.05). In conclusion, it is indicated that 12-week regular combined exercise improves body composition, cardiometabolic risk factors, hemodynamics, and physical performance in obese older men. View Full-Text
Keywords: combined exercise; cardiometabolic risk factors; blood pressure; arterial stiffness; aerobic performance; older population combined exercise; cardiometabolic risk factors; blood pressure; arterial stiffness; aerobic performance; older population
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MDPI and ACS Style

Park, W.; Jung, W.-S.; Hong, K.; Kim, Y.-Y.; Kim, S.-W.; Park, H.-Y. Effects of Moderate Combined Resistance- and Aerobic-Exercise for 12 Weeks on Body Composition, Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Blood Pressure, Arterial Stiffness, and Physical Functions, among Obese Older Men: A Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7233. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197233

AMA Style

Park W, Jung W-S, Hong K, Kim Y-Y, Kim S-W, Park H-Y. Effects of Moderate Combined Resistance- and Aerobic-Exercise for 12 Weeks on Body Composition, Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Blood Pressure, Arterial Stiffness, and Physical Functions, among Obese Older Men: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(19):7233. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197233

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Wonil; Jung, Won-Sang; Hong, Kwangseok; Kim, Yae-Young; Kim, Sung-Woo; Park, Hun-Young. 2020. "Effects of Moderate Combined Resistance- and Aerobic-Exercise for 12 Weeks on Body Composition, Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Blood Pressure, Arterial Stiffness, and Physical Functions, among Obese Older Men: A Pilot Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 19: 7233. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197233

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