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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Partnership Status and Living Situation in Persons Experiencing Physical Disability in 22 Countries: Are There Patterns According to Individual and Country-Level Characteristics?

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Swiss Paraplegic Research, 6207 Nottwil, Switzerland
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Department of Health Sciences & Medicine, University of Lucerne, 6002 Lucerne, Switzerland
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John Walsh Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Australia
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Sydney Medical School-Northern, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
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Institute for Disaster Management and Reconstruction of Sichuan University and Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610207, China
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Spinal Cord Injuries Unit, University of Patras, Rio, 26500 Patras, Greece
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Neurological Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Department, University Hospital Saint-Jacques, 44093 Nantes, France
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Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7002; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197002
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 22 September 2020 / Accepted: 23 September 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020
Persons experiencing disabilities often face difficulties to establish and maintain intimate partnerships and the decision whether to live alone or with others is often not their own to make. This study investigates whether individual and country-level characteristics predict the partnership status and the living situation of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) from 22 countries. We used data from 12,591 participants of the International SCI Community Survey (InSCI) and regressed partnership status and living situation on individual (sociodemographic and injury characteristics) and country-level characteristics (Human Development Index, HDI) using multilevel models. Females, younger persons, those with lower income, without paid work, more severe injuries, and longer time since injury were more often single. Males, older persons, those with higher income, paid work, less severe injuries, and those from countries with higher HDI more often lived alone. This study provides initial evidence for the claim that the partnership status and the living situation of people with SCI are influenced by sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors and are not merely a matter of choice, in particular for those with severe injuries. View Full-Text
Keywords: marital status; partnership; living alone; household composition; disability; spinal cord injury marital status; partnership; living alone; household composition; disability; spinal cord injury
MDPI and ACS Style

Fekete, C.; Arora, M.; Reinhardt, J.D.; Gross-Hemmi, M.; Kyriakides, A.; Le Fort, M.; Patrick Engkasan, J.; Tough, H. Partnership Status and Living Situation in Persons Experiencing Physical Disability in 22 Countries: Are There Patterns According to Individual and Country-Level Characteristics? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7002.

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