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Article

Impact on Mental Health Due to COVID-19 Pandemic: Cross-Sectional Study in Portugal and Brazil

1
Department of Education and Psychology, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Beira interior, 6200-506 Covilhã, Portugal
3
Family Health Unit Beira Ria, 3830-596 Gafanha da Nazaré, Portugal
4
Centre for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), University of Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
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Department of Community Medicine, Information and Health Decision Sciences (MEDCIDS), Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6794; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186794
Received: 23 August 2020 / Revised: 13 September 2020 / Accepted: 14 September 2020 / Published: 17 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
Mental health effects secondary to the COVID-19 pandemic were till recently considered less important or were neglected. Portugal and Brazil are facing the pandemic in quite different ways. This study aimed to describe the mental health status of the general adult population in Portugal and Brazil during the COVID-19 pandemic and analyze the differences between the two countries. A cross-sectional quantitative study was based on an online questionnaire. Socio-demographic data were collected in addition to four validated scales: CAGE (acronym cut-annoyed-guilty-eye) Questionnaire, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 and Patient Health Questionnaire-2. For each outcome, a multiple linear regression was performed. Five hundred and fifty people answered the questionnaire (435 women). The median age was 38 (Q1, Q3: 30, 47) years, 52.5% resided in Brazil and 47.5% in Portugal. The prevalence of anxiety was 71.3% (mild anxiety was present in 43.1%), the prevalence of depression was 24.7% and 23.8% of the sample had both depression and anxiety. Isolation was a significant factor for depression but not for anxiety. Well-being was below average. Mental illness was considerably higher than pre-COVID-19 levels. Portugal and Brazil will have to be prepared for future consequences of poor mental health and contribute immediate psychological support to their adult populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; pandemic; mental health; well-being; depression; anxiety; Portugal; Brazil COVID-19; pandemic; mental health; well-being; depression; anxiety; Portugal; Brazil
MDPI and ACS Style

Passos, L.; Prazeres, F.; Teixeira, A.; Martins, C. Impact on Mental Health Due to COVID-19 Pandemic: Cross-Sectional Study in Portugal and Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6794. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186794

AMA Style

Passos L, Prazeres F, Teixeira A, Martins C. Impact on Mental Health Due to COVID-19 Pandemic: Cross-Sectional Study in Portugal and Brazil. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6794. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186794

Chicago/Turabian Style

Passos, Lígia, Filipe Prazeres, Andreia Teixeira, and Carlos Martins. 2020. "Impact on Mental Health Due to COVID-19 Pandemic: Cross-Sectional Study in Portugal and Brazil" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6794. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186794

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